Definition of Caddoan in English:

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Pronunciation: /ˈkadəʊən/


Relating to or denoting a group of American Indian peoples formerly inhabiting the Midwest, or their languages, now all virtually extinct.
Example sentences
  • Custis was free to observe Creek ceremonies and Caddoan customs and skills (their talents with the bow put him in mind of stories from the Iliad) and to post a twenty-six-specimen botanical collection downriver.
  • Thus the Mississippian embraces a wide range of essentially localized groups: the Middle Mississippian, Fort Ancient, South Appalachian Mississippian, Plaquemine Mississippian, Caddoan Mississippian, and the Oneota.
  • The paste composition relationships of different Caddoan vessel forms and the conclusions of both the petrographic and neutron activation analyses indicate that the Mockingbird ceramics are the product of a local group.


1A member of any of the Caddoan peoples.
Example sentences
  • Like other Caddoans, both groups had a mixed economy with farming and buffalo hunting being important.
  • For example, the Osage, Pawnee, Arikaras, Mandans, Wichitas, and Caddoans remained in permanent farming settlements.
  • The Pawnees, Wichitas, and perhaps other Caddoans owned the plains-country, and their possessions reached to within a few miles of the Missouri, especially in Kansas.
2 [mass noun] The family of languages spoken by the Caddoan peoples, which includes Pawnee and may be related to Siouan and Iroquoian.


From Caddo (a language of the Caddoan family) kaduhdacu, denoting a band belonging to this group, + -an.

For editors and proofreaders

Line breaks: Cad|doan

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