Definition of carbocation in English:

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carbocation

Pronunciation: /ˌkɑːbə(ʊ)ˈkatʌɪən/

noun

Chemistry
Another term for carbonium ion.
Example sentences
  • Some examples of positively charged electrophiles are the hydronium ion, nitronium ions, metal ions, and carbocations.
  • All carbocations are strong alkylating agents with a high affinity for groups which donate or share their electrons, such as halide ions, hydroxyl anions and amines.
  • The resulting esters generate carbocations that react with DNA.

Origin

1950s: from carbo- + cation.

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