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carbonate

Line breaks: car¦bon|ate
Pronunciation: /ˈkɑːbəneɪt
 
/

Definition of carbonate in English:

noun

A salt of the anion CO32−, typically formed by reaction of carbon dioxide with bases.
Example sentences
  • The reaction with carbonates gives the nitrate salt, water, and carbon dioxide.
  • In natural water systems, many common minerals are formed by anion substitution-precipitation reactions, among them carbonates, phosphates, and the sulfate-containing rocks.
  • Pore waters also sensitively record the occurrence of other reactions, such as the dissolution, precipitation, and recrystallization of phosphates, carbonates, and sulphides, during early diagenesis.

verb

[with object] Back to top  
1Dissolve carbon dioxide in (a liquid).
Example sentences
  • Some bottled water is carbonated and is called sparkling water.
  • On the other hand, carbonated soda water probably doesn't have anything that should be a problem for a bodybuilder.
  • He's a particular fan of San Pellegrino, the naturally carbonated water from northern Italy.
1.1 Chemistry Convert into a carbonate, typically by reaction with carbon dioxide.
Example sentences
  • That allows atmospheric carbon dioxide to infiltrate the weak paste and deeply carbonate the calcium hydroxide and other cement hydrates present.
  • The reaction is very slow: the surface will become carbonated within a few days.
  • Where the lime has become carbonated, there may be no immediately obvious change in appearance.

Derivatives

carbonation

1
noun
Example sentences
  • These beverages contain caffeine, alcohol and carbonation, which cause excess urine production or decreased voluntary fluid intake.
  • People with incontinence should also avoid too many drinks containing alcohol, caffeine or carbonation, and they should limit their liquid intake to two liters of fluid daily.
  • Cool beverages like juice can be soothing; avoid carbonated or citrus drinks, however, because carbonation and citric acid can be painful on raw areas.

Definition of carbonate in:

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