Definition of caruncle in English:

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caruncle

Pronunciation: /ˈkarəŋk(ə)l/
/kəˈrʌŋk(ə)l/

noun

1A wattle of a bird such as a turkeycock.
Example sentences
  • Adding to what Dominique just said, while feathers are by far the predominant outgrowths there are other bizarre protrusions, and I am not talking about the wattles or the caruncles.
  • You can even tell when a turkey isn't feeling well by looking at their caruncle or wattle because they become very pale and colorless.
2The red prominence at the inner corner of the eye.
Example sentences
  • Systemic effects from eye drops can be reduced by occlusion (finger pressed on the caruncle, which is felt as a lump at the inner corner of the eye) or shutting the eyes for several minutes after putting in the drops.
3 Botany A coloured waxy or oily outgrowth from a seed near the micropyle, attractive to ants which aid the seed’s dispersal.
Example sentences
  • The seed of this plant has a caruncle that may be involved in seed-ant interactions.
  • The ant stopped to examine the gorse seeds, it quickly found the bright orange caruncle and immediately began to bite and gnaw it.

Derivatives

caruncular

Pronunciation: /kəˈrʌŋkjʊlə/
adjective
Example sentences
  • The number of caruncular cells did not vary between breeds with normal or induced parturition.
  • The uterus contracts and the caruncular stock shrinks, further enhancing the separation of cotyledons from caruncles.
  • Samples were taken from the caruncular region of their uterine horns.

Origin

Late 16th century: obsolete French, from Latin caruncula, from caro, carn- 'flesh'.

For editors and proofreaders

Line breaks: car|uncle

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