Definition of castigate in English:

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castigate

Pronunciation: /ˈkastɪɡeɪt/

verb

[with object] formal
Reprimand (someone) severely: he was castigated for not setting a good example
More example sentences
  • It was for his denial of the doctrine of karma and the efficacy of the religious effort that the Buddha castigated him so severely.
  • The most common response was to castigate the reporter for daring to criticize a sacred cow hereabouts, weblogs.
  • In recent weeks, the Manchester United captain has resembled a walking volcano, castigating his colleagues for their deficiencies as the club finished a troubled campaign trophy-less.
Synonyms
reprimand, rebuke, admonish, chastise, chide, upbraid, reprove, reproach, scold, remonstrate with, berate, take to task, pull up, lambaste, read someone the Riot Act, give someone a piece of one's mind, haul over the coals, lecture, criticize, censure;
punish, discipline, chasten
informal tell off, give someone a telling-off, give someone a talking-to, give someone an earful, dress down, give someone a dressing-down, give someone a roasting, give someone a rocket, give someone a rollicking, rap, rap someone the knuckles, slap someone's wrist, send someone away with a flea in their ear, let someone have it, bawl out, give someone hell, come down on, blow up at, pitch into, lay into, lace into, give someone a caning, put on the mat, slap down, blast, rag, keelhaul
British informal tick off, have a go at, carpet, monster, give someone a mouthful, tear someone off a strip, give someone what for, give someone some stick, wig, give someone a wigging, give someone a row, row
North American informal chew out, ream out
British vulgar slang bollock, give someone a bollocking
North American vulgar slang chew someone's ass, ream someone's ass
dated call down, rate, give someone a rating, trim
rare reprehend, objurgate

Derivatives

castigation

Pronunciation: /kastɪˈɡeɪʃ(ə)n/
noun
Example sentences
  • From the small arsenal of instruments of punishment and torture on display, visitors will gain a graphic idea of crime and castigation.
  • You wouldn't believe the castigation I received, especially from members of the board, for even entertaining such an idea.
  • How come society winked indulgently at his ‘excesses’ while reserving stern castigation for the rest?

castigative

adjective

castigator

Pronunciation: /ˈkastɪɡeɪtə/
noun
Example sentences
  • The Tadcaster castigator concludes: ‘Thankful I am that my generation were able to learn the art of home baking without the need for a kitchen that was filled to the gunwales with culinary gadgets.’
  • His success at this owed a lot to the fact that he was able to play ‘judge, jury, prosecutor, castigator, and press agent, all in one.’
  • Words such as ‘diatribe’ and ‘hypocrisy’ have been hurled at me by my castigator on the Isle of Skye.

castigatory

Pronunciation: /ˈkastɪɡeɪtəri/
adjective
Example sentences
  • The system needs to change, but the castigatory way we deal with mentally ill people who commit crimes seems to be caught in amber.
  • The repetition and hyperbole involved in castigatory preaching approach suggest, paradoxically, its limited effect.
  • Although one could perceive her actions as upright, correct, and admirable, it is obvious to the viewer that she is overly castigatory and despondent.

Origin

Early 17th century: from Latin castigare 'reprove', from castus 'pure, chaste'.

More
  • caste from mid 16th century:

    The general sense in early use was ‘race, breed’. It is from Spanish and Portuguese casta ‘lineage, race, breed’, feminine of casto ‘pure, unmixed’, from Latin castus ‘chaste’, also the source of castigate (early 17th century), and chasten (mid 16th century) ‘make chaste’, and chaste (Middle English) itself. The common current use is to refer to the hereditary classes of Hindu society: Brahman (priest), Kshatriya (warrior), Vaisya (merchant or farmer), and Sudra (labourer).

For editors and proofreaders

Line breaks: cas¦ti|gate

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