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cataphora Line breaks: cat¦aph|ora
Pronunciation: /kəˈtaf(ə)rə/

Definition of cataphora in English:


[mass noun] Grammar
The use of a word or phrase that refers to or stands for a later word or phrase (e.g. the pronoun he in he may be approaching 37, but Jeff has no plans to retire from the sport yet). Compare with anaphora.
Example sentences
  • The notion of cataphora that I have adopted is a broad one, which encompasses cataphores au sens large.
  • Cataphora is permitted in certain constructions involving subordinate clauses, although it is not in compound or paratactic ones
  • This kind of usage, common in journalism, is perfectly acceptable, despite the fact that inter-sentential cataphora is often ignored by grammarians.


Pronunciation: /katəˈfɒrɪk/
Example sentences
  • Anaphoric and cataphoric ellipsis are types of textual ellipsis, where the recoverability of the full structure depends on what occurs before or after.
  • The strategy for pronoun resolution thus seems to be the same for anaphoric and for cataphoric pronouns.
  • In drama, such oblique or hidden cataphoric pointers to what is yet to come are usually called dramatic irony.
Example sentences
  • In English, interpersonal markers and discourse markers are employed both cataphorically and anaphorically, and more-fuzzy and less fuzzy hedges are generally employed anaphorically only.


1970s: from cata- on the pattern of anaphora.

Definition of cataphora in:
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