Definition of catapult in English:

catapult

Line breaks: cata|pult
Pronunciation: /ˈkatəpʌlt
 
/

noun

  • 1British A forked stick with an elastic band fastened to the two prongs, used by children for shooting small stones.
    More example sentences
    • Last year a man lost the sight in his left eye after he answered a knock at his door and was hit by a stone fired from a catapult.
    • It is believed the children may have used a catapult to fire the stone.
    • The demonstrations descended into a confrontation between the police firing rubber bullets, tear gas and, reportedly, live rounds, and the youths throwing stones and using catapults.
    Synonyms
    sling; North American slingshot; Australian/New Zealand shanghai
  • 2 historical A military machine worked by a lever and ropes for hurling large stones or other missiles.
    More example sentences
    • Indeed Archimedes was famous for his application of the law of the lever to the construction of catapults for military purposes.
    • Longer-ranged weapons (bows and arrows, catapults, artillery, and, later, guided missiles) allowed armies to fire deadlier rounds from greater distances.
    • They were besieged by opposing armies using towers, battering rams, catapults, and flame weapons.
  • 3A mechanical device for launching a glider or other aircraft, especially from the deck of a ship.
    More example sentences
    • Her 1.8-hectare flight deck is 333m long, 78m wide and has four catapults and four aircraft lifts.
    • There were no catapults for launching aircraft or hangar deck for storage and workshops.
    • With the Greyhound shuddering and jolting, the pilot inches the aircraft across the deck towards the waiting catapult.

verb

[with object and adverbial of direction] Back to top  
  • 1Hurl or launch (something) with or as if with a catapult: the explosion catapulted the car 30 yards along the road figurative their music catapulted them to the top of the charts
    More example sentences
    • The song, the first tune to be played on Radio 1 when it was launched in 1967, catapulted the group to stardom.
    • Two hours of original script and music catapult the audience through the very best and freshest Northern Irish exportable wit.
    • One car even catapulted a telegraph pole into her house in the latest collision at the weekend.
    Synonyms
  • 1.1 [no object, with adverbial of direction] Move suddenly or at great speed as though hurled by a catapult: the horse catapulted away from the fence
    More example sentences
    • Inverness finished sixth, fourth and sixth in the First Division, before suddenly catapulting into title contention with a very, very good run this year.
    • Had I suddenly found myself catapulted forward in time to Christmas?
    • Ian was amazed at the speed at which he had catapulted back to reality.

Origin

late 16th century: from French catapulte or Latin catapulta, from Greek katapeltēs, from kata- 'down' + pallein 'hurl'.

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Pronunciation: ˌkələrəˈto͝orə
noun
elaborate ornamentation of a vocal melody