Definition of centripetal in English:

centripetal

Line breaks: centri|pet¦al
Pronunciation: /ˌsɛntrɪˈpiːt(ə)l
 
, sɛnˈtrɪpɪt(ə)l
 
/

adjective

Physics
Moving or tending to move towards a centre. The opposite of centrifugal.
More example sentences
  • But as soon as they are seen from any distance, they erupt into pulsing centripetal and centrifugal vortices.
  • The pattern of differentiation could thus be visualized as a centripetal wave moving inward from a ring of already differentiated cells.
  • This is how fast the Earth would need to rotate to get centripetal acceleration at the equator equal to 9.81 m/s.

Origin

early 18th century: from modern Latin centripetus, from Latin centrum (see centre) + -petus 'seeking' (from petere 'seek').

Derivatives

centripetally

adverb
More example sentences
  • In the mid-septal zone of Quenstedtiphyllia fritschi, calcification centers are separated, and the septa are built of serially arranged trabeculae that are oriented centripetally.
  • The floral organ differentiation occurs centripetally and is initiated with the differentiation of the abaxial tepal primordium (sepals and petals can not be differentiated), followed by the other tepal primordia.
  • Like rivers, which inevitably flow outward to the sea, power is constantly extended and refracted towards the far reaches of the island rather than cohering centripetally around the monarch.

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