Definition of centrosome in English:

Share this entry

centrosome

Pronunciation: /ˈsɛntrəsəʊm/

noun

Biology
An organelle near the nucleus of a cell which contains the centrioles (in animal cells) and from which the spindle fibres develop in cell division.
Example sentences
  • A legacy of these ancient symbiotic interactions is that eukaryotic cells continue to show tight links between nuclei, centrosomes and microtubules in the form of Cell Bodies.
  • In most animal cells, the centrosome contains a pair of centrioles, which consist of an array of microtubules.
  • At metaphase, centrosomes initiate the bipolar microtubule spindle.

Origin

Late 19th century: from Latin centrum (see centre) + Greek sōma 'body'.

For editors and proofreaders

Line breaks: centro|some

Share this entry
 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.