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chauvinism

Line breaks: chau¦vin|ism
Pronunciation: /ˈʃəʊv(ɪ)nɪz(ə)m
 
/

Definition of chauvinism in English:

noun

[mass noun]
1Exaggerated or aggressive patriotism.
Example sentences
  • It rests on aggressive xenophobia, chauvinism, fanatical imperial ambitions and fascist demagogy.
  • I have no sense of, objectively, how great he is deemed to be in the canon - especially outside of England where parochialism, patriotism and chauvinism inevitably play their part.
  • In fact, it was the aggressive chauvinism of the industrialists, the middle classes and the press which had created the climate that led inexorably to war, even among the Central Powers.
1.1Excessive or prejudiced support for one’s own cause, group, or sex. See also male chauvinism.
Example sentences
  • We need to find common moral ground within the civilised world over and beyond the hatred and intolerance of the religious chauvinisms and nationalisms of the past.
  • But I am using the fact it was a good representation of basic American experience and attitudes, and not particularly driven by gender politics, to highlight common, underlying female chauvinisms.
  • In this time of unprecedented danger, heroic leadership must question old certainties and chauvinisms.

Origin

late 19th century: named after Nicolas Chauvin, a Napoleonic veteran noted for his extreme patriotism, popularized as a character by the Cogniard brothers in Cocarde Tricolore (1831).

More
  • This term for ‘exaggerated patriotism’ or ‘prejudiced support for one's own cause’ comes from Nicolas Chauvin, a Napoleonic veteran noted for his extreme patriotism. He was popularized as a character by the Cogniard brothers in a play called Cocarde Tricolore ( 1831). After the fall of Napoleon, the term chauvin was used to ridicule any old soldier of the Empire who maintained admiration for the emperor and his acts.

Definition of chauvinism in:

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