(In ancient Greece) a commander of a thousand men.
- In response, imperial military personnel were dispatched: four commanders, chiliarchs, and centurions from the capital were each given 30 skilled cavalry troops to patrol trouble spots around Liangxiang.
- It was also common for chiliarchs and centurions to be dispatched seasonally to supervise bandit-suppression troops stationed in locations in and around the capital.
- At this point, an assistant chiliarch from the military camp arrived on the scene.
Late 16th century: via late Latin from Greek khiliarkhēs, from khilioi 'thousand'.
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Line breaks: chili|arch
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