Share this entry

Share this page

cholic acid

Line breaks: cho¦lic acid
Pronunciation: /ˈkəʊlɪk
 
, ˈkɒl-/

Definition of cholic acid in English:

noun

[mass noun] Biochemistry
A compound produced by oxidation of cholesterol. It is a steroidal fatty acid and its salts are present in bile.
Example sentences
  • The two main bile acids, cholic acid and chenodeoxycholic acid, are both made from cholesterol in the liver and pass into the bile in combination with amino acids, as bile salts.
  • The most significant bile acid in humans is cholic acid.
  • However, laboratory mice fed a chow diet do not develop spontaneous atherosclerotic lesions; atherosclerosis must be induced by feeding a diet containing 15% fat, 1.25% cholesterol, and 0.5% cholic acid.

Origin

mid 19th century: from Greek kholikos, from kholē 'bile'.

Definition of cholic acid in:

Share this entry

Share this page

 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove ads and access premium resources

Word of the day emulous
Pronunciation: ˈemyələs
adjective
seeking to emulate or imitate someone or something