Share this entry

Share this page

cinchona

Line breaks: cin|chona
Pronunciation: /sɪŋˈkəʊnə
 
/

Definition of cinchona in English:

noun

1An evergreen South American tree or shrub with fragrant flowers, cultivated for its bark.
  • Genus Cinchona, family Rubiaceae: several species
Example sentences
  • Malaria victims were treated with quinine, an extract from the bark of the cinchona tree.
  • In 1735, Joseph de Jussieu, a French botanist, collected detailed information about the cinchona trees.
  • And for those unfamiliar with the Peruvian national emblem, it depicts a vicuna, a horn of plenty and a cinchona tree.
1.1 [mass noun] The dried bark of the cinchona, which is a source of quinine and other medicinal substances.
Example sentences
  • Hahnemann carried out tests on himself with extracts of cinchona bark, which contains quinine, and found it caused fever.
  • Homeopathy was developed in the 18th century by Dr Samuel Hahnemann after he discovered that small amounts of cinchona bark, the treatment for malaria, caused malaria-like fevers when he took it while healthy.
  • Quinine is derived from cinchona bark, and mixed with lime.

Origin

mid 18th century: modern Latin, named after the Countess of Chinchón (died 1641), who was treated with a similar drug in South America.

Definition of cinchona in:

Share this entry

Share this page

 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove ads and access premium resources

Word of the day cumbersome
Pronunciation: ˈkəmbərsəm
adjective
large or heavy and therefore difficult to carry…