Definition of circuit in English:

circuit

Line breaks: cir|cuit
Pronunciation: /ˈsəːkɪt
 
/

noun

1A roughly circular line, route, or movement that starts and finishes at the same place: I ran a circuit of the village
More example sentences
  • The circuit was almost finished, and I was second.
  • He finished a circuit around the main square.
  • Grunting, he picked up one sack, bearing it with him as he finished the circuit of the booths.
Synonyms
lap, turn, tour, round, circle, orbit, revolution, loop; beat
1.1British A track used for motor racing, horse racing, or athletics: Hockenheim was a fast circuit but was regarded as one of the safest
More example sentences
  • Talladega is still the fastest track on the circuit.
  • Imola is a nice track and a special circuit to open this part of the calendar.
  • After the first two days of testing, the official drivers swapped circuits.
Synonyms
track, racetrack, running track, course
2An established itinerary of events or venues used for a particular activity, typically involving sport or public performance: the alternative cabaret circuit
More example sentences
  • A growing theatre company is developing its circuit of rural venues by bringing a piece of contemporary dynamite to local stages.
  • She secured the coveted title of Sports Personality of the Year based on her outstanding performances on the international circuit last year.
  • The comedian has been a regular performer at major venues on the national circuit.
2.1A series of athletic exercises performed consecutively in one training session: [as modifier]: circuit training
More example sentences
  • If your hotel has a fitness center, this is the day to add a light circuit of resistance training to work all your muscles.
  • There will also be a five-week circuit training course beginning on January 12.
  • Performing a circuit workout once or twice a week will at least keep you in the habit of training.
2.2A regular journey made by a judge around a particular district to hear cases in court: [as modifier]: a circuit judge
More example sentences
  • The circuit court judge who heard the case at trial directed the jury to find for the plaintiff.
  • A neighbours' squabble over late-night noise ended in court before a circuit judge, 12 jurors and two barristers.
  • It was the kind of decision that the liberal judges on the circuit normally ask the court to rehear.
Synonyms
tour, tour of duty, rounds; regular journey
2.3A district administered or formerly administered by travelling judges: the six circuits of England and Wales replaced the old system of assizes
More example sentences
  • The country was divided by Henry II into six judicial circuits for the purpose of bringing royal justice to all regions.
  • Six tourism circuits will be identified for development to international standards during 2002-03.
  • The commissioners were major lay and ecclesiastical lords with only small landholdings in the shires of the circuit.
2.4A group of local Methodist Churches forming an administrative unit: the success of any chapel or Methodist circuit depended on the minister
More example sentences
  • There are other churches on the Methodist circuit in Accrington so there might be other people in other churches prepared to help.
  • The cathedral is set to be packed for the service, with all tickets already distributed through deaneries and Methodist circuits.
  • There are currently around 11 Methodist churches in the Keighley circuit.
2.5A chain of theatres or cinemas under a single management: the company also bought cinema circuits in Canada, New Zealand, and Australia
More example sentences
  • In more than 20 years of studying the Odeon cinema circuit, he had seen this kind of scenario enacted many times.
3A complete and closed path around which a circulating electric current can flow: the maximum number of light fittings on a circuit is twelve
More example sentences
  • He had learned that an inductance coil was a closed circuit with no current of its own.
  • When the charges connect, effectively closing a circuit, electric energy flows along that jagged path.
  • When air is brought into contact with the second electrode, current flows through any circuit linking the two electrodes.
3.1A system of electrical conductors and components forming an electrical circuit: control circuits
More example sentences
  • She cannot list the major components in an electrical circuit even though they were described in the chapter.
  • Power electronics technology uses electronic circuits to convert and control electric energy with optimum efficiency.
  • The components of the circuit are checked against specific parameters.

verb

[with object] Back to top  
Move all the way around (a place or thing): the trains will follow the Northern line, circuiting the capital
More example sentences
  • You will accompany me as we backtrack through art's history, before circuiting the globe in pursuit of art's diverse manifestations.
  • There is a railway with model trains circuiting the room.
  • An American couple, circuiting the perimeter, had just visited HMS Britannia.

Origin

late Middle English: via Old French from Latin circuitus, from circuire, variant of circumire 'go round', from circum 'around' + ire 'go'.

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