Definition of clause in English:

clause

Line breaks: clause
Pronunciation: /klɔːz
 
/

noun

1A unit of grammatical organization next below the sentence in rank and in traditional grammar said to consist of a subject and predicate. See also main clause, subordinate clause.
More example sentences
  • In each sentence above, two clauses are linked by clause-chaining without conjunctions.
  • A grounded clause corresponds to the traditional category of finite clause.
  • What we really have here is an adjectival clause qualifying potentially a noun phrase or a noun.
2A particular and separate article, stipulation, or proviso in a treaty, bill, or contract.
More example sentences
  • Contracts often have choice-of-law clauses, specifying the law to be applied.
  • Also, I say to the Minister that it does not appear to me that there is a treaty clause in the bill.
  • Under a provision referred to as clause 24 of the contract there was a time limit.
Synonyms
section, paragraph, article, subsection, note, item, point, passage, part, heading; stipulation, condition, proviso, provision, rider; specification, requirement

Origin

Middle English: via Old French clause, based on Latin claus- 'shut, closed', from the verb claudere.

Derivatives

clausal

adjective
More example sentences
  • Problematic sequences that cannot easily be analysed into clausal constituents appear in such contexts as labels, titles, warnings, and greetings.
  • The use of ‘because’ here makes clear that the external speaker is making a judgement about the clausal relationship between the two events described in and from the viewpoint of the discourse's internal protagonist.
  • Having stated this position, Jackendoff immediately points to two cases where syntax and semantics fail to match up; one concerns the grammatical relation of clausal subject, the other the lexical category of noun.

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