Definition of climate in English:

climate

Line breaks: cli|mate
Pronunciation: /ˈklʌɪmət
 
/

noun

  • 1The weather conditions prevailing in an area in general or over a long period: our cold, wet climate [mass noun]: agricultural development is constrained by climate
    More example sentences
    • During climate extremes, whether droughts or flooding rains, those on the land feel it most.
    • A monsoon climate of alternating wet and dry seasons characterizes the weather.
    • A microclimate describes the climate of a small environment such as a town, forest or garden.
    Synonyms
    weather pattern, weather conditions, weather, atmospheric conditions
  • 1.1A region with a particular climate: he had grown up in a hot climate
    More example sentences
    • Because chili peppers thrive in very warm, hot climates, equatorial regions seem to have the heaviest concentration of pungent cuisine.
    • A common example is the relatively faster rate of sugar increase in warm to hot climates compared to flavour increase and acid decrease.
    • Also known as elephant's ear, this water lover does best in warm climates; in colder regions, you can grow it indoors.
    Synonyms
    region, area, zone, country, place
    literary clime
  • 1.2The prevailing trend of public opinion or of another aspect of life: the current economic climate
    More example sentences
    • In the political climate of today public service broadcasting may seem a concept that has outlived its relevance.
    • The climate of Scottish political opinion on tax has altered markedly in the last couple of years.
    • The political and economic climates of the day will impact how much a nation supports a particular EU operation.
    Synonyms
    atmosphere, mood, temper, spirit, feeling, feel, ambience, aura, tenor, tendency, essence, ethos, attitude, milieu
    informal vibe(s)

Origin

late Middle English: from Old French climat or late Latin clima, climat-, from Greek klima 'slope, zone', from klinein 'to slope'. The term originally denoted a zone of the earth between two lines of latitude, then any region of the earth, and later, a region considered with reference to its atmospheric conditions. Compare with clime.

More definitions of climate

Definition of climate in:

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove ads and access premium resources

Word of the day kerf
Pronunciation: kərf
noun
a slit made by cutting with a saw