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cognate

Line breaks: cog|nate
Pronunciation: /ˈkɒɡneɪt
 
/

Definition of cognate in English:

adjective

1 Linguistics (Of a word) having the same linguistic derivation as another (e.g. English father, German Vater, Latin pater): the term is obviously cognate with the Malay segan
More example sentences
  • English mother and German Mutter are cognate words.
  • There is an interesting but short section on the local adaptive value of cultural rules including dialects and cognate words.
  • However, many linguists think he chose cognate terms too broadly to bolster his reconstruction.
2 formal Related; connected: cognate subjects such as physics and chemistry
More example sentences
  • His book deals with memes and other cognate subjects less frivolously and with much more academic rigour than I can muster.
  • What we need is a conceptual ‘map’ that allows us to think through where ‘animation’ lies in relation to cognate subject areas.
  • Interferences with the amenities of land and personal injuries arising during the use of land are cognate subjects.
Synonyms
2.1Related to or descended from a common ancestor. Compare with agnate.
Example sentences
  • The separation of childbearing from domesticity leads to a need for extended families, which are primarily cognate kin groups.
Synonyms
related, kindred, akin, with a common ancestor

noun

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1 Linguistics A cognate word.
Example sentences
  • It's a very old word, with cognates in most Germanic languages.
  • The word neshama is a cognate of nesheema, which means literally ‘breath.’
  • More than a dozen words and cognates are employed throughout the Old Testament for beauty.
2 Law A blood relative, especially on the mother’s side.
Example sentences
  • All distinction between agnates and cognates in matters of succession had been abolished at the very time when the great collection of Roman law had been assembled and codified.
  • A kin group usually includes cognates of all degrees and godparents.

Origin

early 17th century: from Latin cognatus, from co- 'together with' + natus 'born'.

Derivatives

cognately

1
adverb
Example sentences
  • Decisions relating to the two acts are often given effect in Excise and Customs Tariff Proposals that are tabled cognately in Parliament.
  • Second and cognately, there's the Paradox of Analysis: Conceptual analysis is supposed to be somehow informative or enlightening.
  • Hypocrisy is the pretension to qualities which one does not possess, or, more cognately, the putting forward of a false appearance of virtue or religion.

cognateness

2
noun
Example sentences
  • This is a question related to the cognateness of a faculty's programs and mission, which is discussed briefly below.
  • Using the same evolutionist principles of cognateness and continuity, he attempted to reconstruct a common Ur-Germanic mythology.
  • Much rather may we hold with scholars like Delitzsch and Kittel, that the relation is one of cognateness, not of derivation.

Words that rhyme with cognate

designateredesignateneonate

Definition of cognate in:

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Word of the day tenebrous
Pronunciation: ˈtenəbrəs
adjective
dark; shadowy or obscure