Definition of communism in English:

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Pronunciation: /ˈkɒmjʊnɪz(ə)m/


[mass noun]
A theory or system of social organization in which all property is owned by the community and each person contributes and receives according to their ability and needs. See also Marxism.
Example sentences
  • In Eastern Europe it was abolished with the fall of communism and adoption of democracy.
  • You don't seem to know the difference between capitalism, communism and socialism.
  • Men dominated the occupational system during communism, and this has not changed.
collectivism, state ownership, socialism, radical socialism;
Sovietism, Bolshevism, Marxism, neo-Marxism, Leninism, Marxism–Leninism, Trotskyism, Maoism

The most familiar form of communism is that established by the Bolsheviks after the Russian Revolution of 1917, and it has generally been understood in terms of the system practised by the former Soviet Union and its allies in eastern Europe, in China since 1949, and in some developing countries such as Cuba, Vietnam, and North Korea. In this form of communism it was held that the state would wither away after the overthrow of the capitalist system. In practice, however, the state grew to control all aspects of communist society. Communism in eastern Europe collapsed in the late 1980s and early 1990s against a background of failure to meet people’s economic expectations, a shift to more democracy in political life, and increasing nationalism such as that which led to the break-up of the Soviet Union


Mid 19th century: from French communisme, from commun (see common).

For editors and proofreaders

Line breaks: com|mun¦ism

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