(also competency /-ənsi/)
- 1 [mass noun] The ability to do something successfully or efficiently: courses to improve the competence of staff the players displayed varying degrees of competenceMore example sentences
- Some employees are enthusiastic about their supervisor's competence and skills.
- She had many friends and related openly and well to me, implying skills in social competence.
- In our experience, the competence and skills of traditional birth attendants may vary widely across settings.
- 1.1The legal authority of a court or other body to deal with a particular matter: the court’s competence has been accepted to cover these mattersMore example sentences
- A court's competence to grant an anti-suit injunction seems to derive from its jurisdiction to adjudicate.
- But the courts have no competence to nullify, repeal or amend the legislation in question.
- The Assembly is given competence to exercise legislative authority in respect of those matters falling under the responsibility of the six Northern Ireland Government Departments.
- 1.2 (also linguistic or language competence) Linguistics A person’s subconscious knowledge of the rules governing the formation of speech in their first language. Often contrasted with performance.More example sentences
- Most testing instruments rely on the assumption that it is possible to separate analytically different aspects of language competence without reference to the context of use.
- When assessments are aligned with a prescriptivist view of language ability, many proficient or competent speakers of the language will not fare well on the test for reasons unrelated to language competence.
- Communicative competence is a theory of the nature of such knowledge and proficiency.
- 1.3 Biology & Medicine Effective performance of the normal function.More example sentences
- Circumstances that upset the balance of immunologic competence, such as stress, can impair the local inflammatory response.
- In the bacteria Haemophilus influenza and Bacillus subtilis, starvation has been shown to increase competence for DNA uptake.
- Alterations in a normal response to inflammatory challenge may impact immune competence and overall animal performance.