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component Line breaks: com|po¦nent
Pronunciation: /kəmˈpəʊnənt/

Definition of component in English:


1A part or element of a larger whole, especially a part of a machine or vehicle: an assembly plant for imported components hydrogen is a component of all organic compounds
More example sentences
  • The internal combustion engine is an integral component of a vehicle and one that baffles many people.
  • It works because this record has a soul which welds its soiled components into a perfect whole.
  • If any one of these components fail, the whole system fails, certainly in an agricultural context.
1.1Each of two or more forces, velocities, or other vectors acting in different directions which are together equivalent to a given vector: he resolved the motion into horizontal and vertical components
More example sentences
  • Suppose that the vertical component of the force on the ground is constant and equal to amg.
  • Harriot resolved the forces acting on the projectile into horizontal and vertical components.
  • This in turn, because of the layout of the drive, would have imparted an upward component to the force of the car on the gate.


[attributive] Back to top  
Constituting part of a larger whole; constituent: the component elements of the armed forces
More example sentences
  • But whenever you analyse performance in sport, you will find a whole heap of component parts.
  • The Russian entrepreneurs constitute a component part of the world capitalist elite.
  • The walls consist of component paintings arranged in a grid pattern that forms a whole.
constituent, integral;
basic, essential, intrinsic
rare integrant


Mid 17th century: from Latin component- 'putting together', from the verb componere, from com- 'together' + ponere 'put'. Compare with compound1.



(also componentise) verb
Example sentences
  • Like everything else, music is becoming more componentised.
  • Maybe we're getting this all wrong - maybe we shouldn't be looking at the products we make and trying to componentise them still further.
  • And we are headed in 2005 for interoperable standards built around componentized DRM, which facilitate new business models that are more offensive and less defensive.

Words that rhyme with component

deponent, exponent, opponent, proponent

Definition of component in:

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