Definition of component in English:


Line breaks: com|po¦nent
Pronunciation: /kəmˈpəʊnənt


  • 1A part or element of a larger whole, especially a part of a machine or vehicle: an assembly plant for imported components hydrogen is a component of all organic compounds
    More example sentences
    • The internal combustion engine is an integral component of a vehicle and one that baffles many people.
    • It works because this record has a soul which welds its soiled components into a perfect whole.
    • If any one of these components fail, the whole system fails, certainly in an agricultural context.
  • 1.1Each of two or more forces, velocities, or other vectors acting in different directions which are together equivalent to a given vector: he resolved the motion into horizontal and vertical components
    More example sentences
    • Suppose that the vertical component of the force on the ground is constant and equal to amg.
    • Harriot resolved the forces acting on the projectile into horizontal and vertical components.
    • This in turn, because of the layout of the drive, would have imparted an upward component to the force of the car on the gate.


[attributive] Back to top  
  • Constituting part of a larger whole; constituent: the component elements of the armed forces
    More example sentences
    • But whenever you analyse performance in sport, you will find a whole heap of component parts.
    • The Russian entrepreneurs constitute a component part of the world capitalist elite.
    • The walls consist of component paintings arranged in a grid pattern that forms a whole.
    constituent, integral; basic, essential, intrinsic
    rare integrant



(also componentise) verb
More example sentences
  • Like everything else, music is becoming more componentised.
  • Maybe we're getting this all wrong - maybe we shouldn't be looking at the products we make and trying to componentise them still further.
  • And we are headed in 2005 for interoperable standards built around componentized DRM, which facilitate new business models that are more offensive and less defensive.


mid 17th century: from Latin component- 'putting together', from the verb componere, from com- 'together' + ponere 'put'. Compare with compound1.

More definitions of component

Definition of component in:

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove ads and access premium resources

Word of the day maelstrom
Pronunciation: ˈmālˌsträm
a powerful whirlpool in the sea