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condyle

Line breaks: con|dyle
Pronunciation: /ˈkɒndɪl
 
, -dʌɪl/

Definition of condyle in English:

noun

Anatomy
A rounded protuberance at the end of some bones, forming an articulation with another bone.
Example sentences
  • Twelve distal femoral condyles, proximal tibial condyles, and patellae were harvested; all soft tissue was removed.
  • However, the position of the patella is controlled primarily by the geometry of the femoral trochlea, the femoral condyles, and the posterior surface of the patella.
  • It presents medially a circular ‘articular surface of the head,’ directed anteroproximad and articulating with the lateral condyle of the tibia.

Origin

mid 17th century: from French, from Latin condylus, from Greek kondulos 'knuckle'.

Derivatives

condylar

1
adjective
Example sentences
  • Our results showed that hypothermic storage resulted in a decrease of chondrocyte viability in condylar specimens up to 49% after 60 days.
  • It may be formed of two superimposed layers and it may be more or less fused with the lateral pterygoid or send a fasciculus to the condylar process.
  • A curious variation is an external carotid composed of two separate trunks that unite behind the condylar process of the mandible forming an anulus, from which the various branches arise.

condyloid

2
adjective
Example sentences
  • The condyloid origin has been found with a sesamoid bone in it;
  • Accessory condyloid canals have been reported.
  • The mandible has a well developed coronoid process, and the condyloid process is elevated above the level of the toothrow.

Definition of condyle in:

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