Definition of constrict in English:

constrict

Line breaks: con|strict
Pronunciation: /kənˈstrɪkt
 
/

verb

[with object]
  • 1Make narrower, especially by encircling pressure: chemicals that constrict the blood vessels (as adjective constricted) constricted air passages
    More example sentences
    • It increases the heart rate and blood pressure, constricts the small blood vessels under your skin, causes changes in blood composition and metabolism, and increases the production of hormones.
    • Because high blood pressure constricts the blood vessels in the uterus that supply the baby with oxygen and nutrients, the baby's growth may be slowed.
    • Doctors treat shock by stabilizing blood pressure with medications that increase the heart rate, constrict large blood vessels, or increase the volume of blood the heart pumps.
    Synonyms
    narrow, make/become narrower, tighten, compress, contract, make/become smaller, shrink, draw in; squeeze, choke, strangle, strangulate
    archaic straiten
  • 1.1 [no object] Become narrower: he felt his throat constrict
    More example sentences
    • Without warning my throat constricted and my eyes filled with tears.
    • This junk causes your throat and nose to constrict, immediately reducing lung capacity.
    • Her throat constricts, and she swallows painfully, trying to keep her voice steady.
  • 1.2(Of a snake) coil round (prey) in order to asphyxiate it: boas constrict and suffocate their prey
    More example sentences
    • But it takes about four minutes for a rat to die of asphyxiation, whereas a snake can constrict a rodent to death in just one.
    • Would you rather be bitten by a poisonous snake or constricted by a python?
    • The pythons have around 250 teeth and catch their prey by biting, grabbing, then wrapping themselves around the prey and constricting it.
  • 1.3Inhibit or restrict: the fear and the reality of crime constrict many people’s lives
    More example sentences
    • And how does your perception of reality enlarge or constrict the life that calls you forward?
    • Despite two illustrious parents, the company has been severely constricted for cash.
    • But this meant that the economic life of Europe was severely constricted.
    Synonyms

Derivatives

constrictive

adjective
More example sentences
  • Nowadays, many couples are wary of marriage, seeing it as a constrictive arrangement.
  • Gradually living becomes easier and every thought and action is in tune with ourselves - an affirmation that removes all constrictive, knotty obstacles.
  • The immigration restrictions on the entering of the country for any adult, but certainly for a pregnant adult, can be constrictive.

Origin

mid 18th century: from Latin constrict- 'bound tightly together', from the verb constringere (see constrain).

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