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cramp

Line breaks: cramp
Pronunciation: /kramp
 
/

Definition of cramp in English:

noun

1 [mass noun] Painful involuntary contraction of a muscle or muscles, typically caused by fatigue or strain: an attack of cramp [count noun]: he suffered severe cramps in his foot
More example sentences
  • The runner suffers severe muscle pain and cramp as well as crippling abdominal discomfort.
  • The etiology of nocturnal leg muscle cramps is not clear.
  • For a number of years, quinine sulfate has been widely used for the treatment of nocturnal leg muscle cramps.
Synonyms
muscle/muscular spasm, muscle/muscular contraction, pang, twinge;
crick, kink, stitch, stiffness, pain, shooting pain, ache, convulsion, tic, twitch;
Medicine clonus, hyperkinesis
1.1 (cramps) North American Abdominal pain caused by menstruation.
Example sentences
  • The last normal menstrual period, 7 years earlier, had lasted 6 days and was associated with abdominal cramps and pain.
  • Ibuprofen is helpful for menstrual cramps and pain from inflammation (such as muscle sprains).
  • The same remedies that work for menstrual cramps also lessen the pain of endometriosis.
2A tool, typically shaped like a capital G, for clamping two objects together for gluing or other work.
Example sentences
  • Clamping dovetails is not easy but I have found that it is possible to glue them up without cramps at all.
2.1 (also cramp-iron) A metal bar with bent ends for holding masonry together: the facade is built of travertine blocks without mortar but held by metal cramps

verb

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1 [with object] Inhibit the development of: tighter rules will cramp economic growth
More example sentences
  • The racial prejudice against non-Fijians inhibited and cramped the growth and practice of Sikhism.
  • If you get up early enough, you can probably travel at least 300 miles per day but don't cramp yourself with time limits.
  • The problems with the current law have cramped the growth of aquaculture for many years.
Synonyms
restrict, limit, confine, restrain, set/impose limits on, regulate, control, moderate, cut down on
informal stymie
2 [with object] Fasten with a cramp or cramps: cramp the gates to the posts
3 [no object] Suffer from sudden and painful contractions of a muscle or muscles: in the final game, Chang cramped severely
More example sentences
  • Her hand had such low muscle tone that it cramped painfully as she tried to control the pencil when she wrote.
  • The first day back, my quadricep muscle was cramping.
  • There are a number of possible reasons for muscles to cramp up.

Origin

late Middle English: from Middle Low German and Middle Dutch krampe; sense 1 of the noun is via Old French crampe.

Phrases

cramp someone's style

1
informal Prevent a person from acting freely or naturally: he’s not putting any pressure on me that would cramp my style
More example sentences
  • He said it cramps his style of getting really big bucks from Fat Cats.
  • The truth has not cramped their style in the past and is unlikely to do so during the current confirmation hearings.
  • A coalition government and a secular constitution have cramped their style.

Words that rhyme with cramp

amp, camp, champ, clamp, damp, encamp, gamp, lamp, ramp, samp, scamp, stamp, tamp, tramp, vamp

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