Definition of crown in English:

crown

Line breaks: crown
Pronunciation: /kraʊn
 
/

noun

1A circular ornamental headdress worn by a monarch as a symbol of authority, usually made of or decorated with precious metals and jewels.
More example sentences
  • Room after room of the Armoury reveals incredible riches, including the imperial crown, mace and sceptre of the Tsars.
  • Several months earlier Sir Henry Mildmay had been summoned to give an account of the whereabouts of the crowns, robes, sceptres and jewels.
  • His golden crown, laden with jewels, sat on his chest.
Synonyms
1.1 (the Crown) The monarchy or reigning monarch: their loyalty to the Church came before their loyalty to the Crown
More example sentences
  • Our claim has been made to Her Majesty, the Crown, not the Government of Queensland.
  • He also asserted the crown's power with an iron will, though, particularly when he embarked on the great adventure of separating the English church from that of Rome.
  • British liberal and opposition writing up to 1789 concentrated almost entirely on the dangers of the excessive power of the crown.
Synonyms
monarch, sovereign, king, queen, emperor, empress, tsar, tsarina, prince, princess, potentate, head of state, leader, chief, ruler, lord, overlord; monarchy, sovereignty, royalty
informal royals
1.2An ornament, emblem, or badge shaped like a crown: shiny covers embossed with gold crowns
More example sentences
  • The new badge comprises of a crown, harp, shamrock, laurel leaf and torch and scales with the cross of St Patrick as a centrepiece.
  • Kingston's first-ever coordinated Christmas street lighting was on December 3, 1979 in Market Place and Fife Road consisting of 16 shimmering gold crowns.
  • The flag has a horizontal red stripe on top, and a wider white stripe with a gold crown surmounted by seven stars in the middle.
1.3A wreath of leaves or flowers, especially that worn as an emblem of victory in ancient Greece or Rome.
More example sentences
  • The awards for the winners have also changed over time; in Ancient Greece the champions were given wild olive leaf crowns to wear, as at the time, the olive was a very valuable plant.
  • Wearing a traditional costume - a crown of reddish leaves and flowers, necklace and a beaded red bracelet - Taroi leads the men in a chant.
  • The girls of Warcop carry their crowns of flowers, which they traditionally gather the previous day, and the boys hold rushes made in the shape of a cross.
2An award or distinction gained by a victory or achievement, especially in sport: the world heavyweight crown
More example sentences
  • If she claims an eighth crown over two laps, it would be a championship record.
  • The great Floyd Patterson was the last 17-year-old to win an Olympic crown in 1952 when he took the middleweight title.
  • The truth is that France only have themselves to blame for the most pathetic defence of the crown in World Cup history.
Synonyms
title, award, accolade, honour, distinction, glory, kudos; trophy, cup, medal, plate, shield, belt, prize; laurels, bays, palm, wreath, laurel wreath, victor's garland
3The top or highest part of something: the crown of the hill
More example sentences
  • What they uncovered eventually at the crown of the hill was a huge, oval-shaped monument measuring about 170 metres at its widest point.
  • With a sense of drama and spectacle, the Incas often built on the crown of a ridge.
  • He walked to the rounded crown of the hill, he procured a metal box from his backpack, unhooking it from a solar battery, and set it down on the earth.
Synonyms
top, crest, summit, peak, pinnacle, tip, head, brow, cap, brink, highest point, zenith, apex, ridge; Frenchaiguille, serac
3.1The top part of a person’s head or a hat: his hair was swept straight back over his crown
More example sentences
  • If you're out for a big night and want some serious volume, spray some super-hold hairspray at the crown of your head and backcomb your hair to give it an extra lift.
  • Relax the most resistant hair first, which is usually at the back of the head or at the crown.
  • Spray a bit of hair spray onto the crown of your hair and backcomb to give it some volume.
3.2The part of a plant just above and below the ground from which the roots and shoots branch out: mulch should be mounded around the crowns of the shrubs
More example sentences
  • When potting African violets, take care to set the plant so that the crown is just above the surface and the soil is firmly pressed around it.
  • Where winter is severe, cut it back and mulch the crown to protect the roots.
  • Position the bare-root plants so the crown of the rootball is right at soil level.
3.3The upper branching or spreading part of a tree or other plant: an erect evergreen tree with a dense crown
More example sentences
  • During dryer intervals lightning strikes started fires even on the low-lying areas where they may have spread through the crowns of the trees.
  • The many foresters in the group moved slowly as well, squinting up at the crowns of the trees, feeling bark and leaves and identifying the many species we walked among.
  • The largest trees were retained as to remove these with their large spreading crowns would damage surrounding trees during felling.
3.4The upper part of a cut gem, above the girdle.
More example sentences
  • The bezel setting can either create a smooth, flush, appearance, or leave the gem's crown exposed for extra drama.
  • As light passes through the crown of the diamond its path is bent and it is reflected from one facet to another inside the diamond.
4The part of a tooth projecting from the gum: a thin layer of enamel covers the crown
More example sentences
  • There are two parts to a tooth: the crown, which is covered by enamel and is the visible part of the tooth, and the root, which lies underneath the gums.
  • The outer layer of enamel is an extremely hard, highly mineralized, crystalline structure that covers and protects the crown of the tooth.
  • Each tooth is divided into a crown that projects into the mouth and a root that is embedded into the jaws.
4.1An artificial replacement or covering for the upper part of a tooth: emergency treatment for loose crowns
More example sentences
  • Artificial tooth supports surgically set in the jaw are used in combination with bridges, dentures and crowns to replace any number of missing teeth.
  • The crowns, bridges or dentures are generally easily replaced, providing the implant underneath is not damaged.
  • Non-routine dental expenses, including crowns, bridgework, periodontal and orthodontic treatment, do qualify for tax relief.
5 (also crown piece) A British coin with a face value of five shillings or 25 pence, now minted only for commemorative purposes.
More example sentences
  • Croft twiddled a silver crown piece in his hand and examined it with great interest.
  • The medals are about the size of a crown piece, and they look too good to have been done as a joke.
  • There were farthings, pennies, oxfords, crowns, florins, shillings, guineas, and pounds, among other divisions.
5.1A foreign coin with a name meaning ‘crown’, especially the krona or krone.
More example sentences
  • The prize, 75,000 Swedish crowns, is awarded annually in Stockholm.
6 (in full metric crown) [mass noun] A paper size, 384 × 504 mm.
6.1 (in full crown octavo) A book size, 186 × 123 mm.
More example sentences
  • The second surviving account book is a crown octavo cash book, single-cash lined in red ink by Scott, as previously, and carrying on the same recording and balancing practices as before.
  • The book is a limited edition in Fine condition, full black cloth with gilt, crown octavo.
  • The text was extensively altered for the second edition of 1875, and the format was reduced to the usual crown octavo.
6.2 (in full crown quarto) A book size, 246 × 189 mm.
More example sentences
  • Nos.1 to 5 and No.7 are crown quarto in size with a 2-colour titled card cover.
  • It is in crown quarto format, with 384 pages and 163 black and white and colour illustrations, casebound with laminated dustjacket.

verb

[with object] Back to top  
1Ceremonially place a crown on the head of (someone) in order to invest them as a monarch: he went to Rome to be crowned [with complement]: she was crowned queen in 1953
More example sentences
  • It is ceremonially used in the act of crowning a King, Queen or other Sovereign.
  • As archbishop, he was close to William III and crowned Anne and George I, but, as a leading advocate of the Hanoverian succession, he was isolated by extreme Tories.
  • Before she left, she was crowned Queen, so that her marriage would then make Frederick King of Jerusalem.
Synonyms
1.1 [with object and complement] Declare or acknowledge (someone) as the best, especially at a sport: he was crowned world champion last September
More example sentences
  • England return to Twickenham on Saturday for their first meaningful game at the home of the sport since being crowned world champions.
  • A year later, he was crowned WBU world champion, a title he would later be stripped of because he didn't have the finances to defend his crown.
  • Or will he be able to walk away from Australia knowing that he was still one of the greatest hurdlers that ever lived, regardless of whether he is crowned Olympic champion or not?
1.2(In draughts) promote (a piece) to king by placing another on top of it: (as adjective crowned) with his crowned piece he jumped them all
2Rest on or form the top of: the distant knoll was crowned with trees
More example sentences
  • The railings are broken, the steps descending into Terrace Field are now so wonky that they are impassable to some less agile walkers and many of the trees that once crowned the hilltop have died or blown over.
  • The tops of the trees seemed to crown the water and all at once I knew exactly why my dad chose to live here.
  • The island's only village is adorned with whispering palm trees, wide spacious streets and a main square crowned by a vast Mexican-style church that seems plucked from a Clint Eastwood film.
Synonyms
3Be the triumphant culmination of (an effort or endeavour, especially a prolonged one): years of struggle were crowned by a state visit to Paris (as adjective crowning) the crowning moment of a worthy career
More example sentences
  • The success of these efforts was crowned with the signing of the 1953 treaty establishing the European Defence Group.
  • The committee are hoping for a fine weekend to crown their efforts.
  • For the special forces, British and American, his capture would crown their efforts and make the three-month campaign worthwhile.
Synonyms
round off, top off, cap, be the culmination of, be the climax of, be a fitting climax to, add the finishing touch(es) to, perfect, consummate, complete, conclude
4Fit a crown to (a tooth): simple fillings no longer suffice and the tooth has to be crowned
More example sentences
  • Then it was home for about 8 hours sleep, then up to Hornsby to see the dentist and finish crowning my tooth (and extracting $1, 000 from my wallet).
  • This, in turn, necessitated a visit to the dentist who said the cracked tooth could be crowned.
  • It is necessary that once the treatment is done the teeth should be crowned else they would become brittle in no time.
5 informal Hit on the head: she contained the urge to crown him
Synonyms
hit over the head, hit on the head, hit, strike, buffet, bang, knock, thwack, slug, welt, cuff, punch, smash; concuss, stun
informal brain, skull, bop, clonk, clout, sock, biff, wallop, bash, plug, lam, deck, floor
British informal clock, cosh, slosh, dot, stick one on someone
North American informal bean, conk, ding, boff, bust, whale
Australian/New Zealand informal dong, quilt
archaic smite, swinge
6 [no object] (Of a baby’s head during labour) fully appear in the vaginal opening prior to emerging: I was able to see our baby’s head crowning
More example sentences
  • It was an easy labour and, within five hours, Filipa was fully dilated and the baby's head was crowning.
  • The baby's head is crowning.
  • I want to ask my doctor to take off his glasses so that I don't have to be confronted with my own reflection, but at this point the baby's head is crowning and I can feel my body stretching around her skull.

Origin

Middle English: from Anglo-Norman French corune (noun), coruner (verb), Old French corone (noun), coroner (verb), from Latin corona 'wreath, chaplet'.

Phrases

crowning glory

The best and most notable aspect of something: the scene is the crowning glory of this marvellously entertaining show
More example sentences
  • Though her subsequent world titles established the Australian at the pinnacle of her event, the crowning glory was an emotionally charged Games in 2000 when she realized a childhood dream.
  • Cities are considered the crowning glory of a country and cultural heritage resources are the jewels in the crown which need to be treasured, preserved and revered by custodians of the culture.
  • Its 101 titles include the Sheffield Star, the Lancashire Evening Post and the Wigan Evening Post, while its crowning glory is the Yorkshire Post, one of Britain's most respected dailies.
chiefly humorous A person’s hair: he had a great mass of raven hair and he was very proud of this crowning glory
More example sentences
  • Average height, chunky but not fat, with this long, dark, beautiful, shiny hair, her crowning glory you might say, that she sometimes wore in a bun or let loosely lay around her shoulders.
  • It was the vibrant flame of her hair, her crowning glory, which made her so instantly recognizable.
  • Penny's crowning glory is her beautiful, natural blonde hair and she was petrified she would lose it as a result of the cancer treatment.

to crown it all

British As the final event in a series of particularly fortunate or unfortunate events: it was cold and raining, and, to crown it all, we had to walk home
More example sentences
  • And just to crown it all, when I walked in I was hit by a wall of heat coming from my desk.
  • And then, to crown it all, the ‘DJ’ decided to do a sound check.
  • And to crown it all, if the chef's team does not get it right, he tells his head waiter to close the restaurant.

Definition of crown in:

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