Definition of cushion in English:

cushion

Line breaks: cush|ion
Pronunciation: /ˈkʊʃ(ə)n
 
/

noun

1A bag of cloth stuffed with a mass of soft material, used as a comfortable support for sitting or leaning on: comfortable chairs and sofas piled with cushions
More example sentences
  • Some play stuff for the children, travel pillows, cushions and soft pillows best suited for babies are added attractions.
  • I leaned into the soft cushions of the ratty old furniture as the phone rang.
  • But over the last year or so, she has also taken to making her own soft furnishings - cushions, curtains and covers - using top-quality materials.
Synonyms
pillow, bolster, headrest;
historical pillion
rare zabuton
2Something providing support or protection against impact: underlay forms a cushion between carpet and floor
More example sentences
  • This is where the cushion of payment protection was supposed to break Mr Moore's fall.
  • Companies with high net profit margins have a bigger cushion to protect themselves during the hard times.
  • What a practical economist would say is that you need a cushion to protect people.
Synonyms
protection, buffer, shield, defence, bulwark
2.1The elastic lining of the sides of a billiard table, from which the ball rebounds.
More example sentences
  • But the new player, having to cut the black back to a blind corner pocket with the cue-ball close to the side cushion, over-cut it and left his player a simple chance.
  • It's now time for the lag, and his ball is glued to the cushion as my ball stops embarrassingly at mid-table.
  • Each shot must always hit the lowest numbered ball on the table first and then pocket a ball or make two balls reach a cushion.
2.2The layer of air supporting a hovercraft or similar vehicle.
More example sentences
  • The vehicle hovers safely on its own cushion of air.
  • The air cushion is ‘trapped’ under the hovercraft by a skirt around the edge.

verb

[with object] Back to top  
1Soften the effect of an impact on: the bag cushions equipment from inevitable knocks
More example sentences
  • My bike landed between two rocks, which acted like shock absorbers and cushioned the impact.
  • Instead, the impact was cushioned by a sort of air bag of small plates in what is now the Caribbean Sea.
  • The museum staff had placed sandbags and foam rubber around those heavy stone sculptures to cushion the impact if they fell.
Synonyms
protect, shield, shelter, cocoon
2Mitigate the adverse effects of: to cushion the blow, wages and pensions were increased
More example sentences
  • He said the suspension would also give time to the 33-man committee set up by the Nigerian government on Monday to find ways of cushioning the adverse effects of the price increases on Nigerians.
  • Social policy is a tool that in principle can be used by governments to cushion the adverse effects of external liberalization.
  • While oversupply of goods produced by the stronger economy is possible, that economy's strengths generally cushion it better from adversity.
Synonyms
soften, lessen, diminish, decrease, mitigate, temper, allay, alleviate, reduce the effect of, take the edge off, dull, blunt, deaden, absorb, muffle, stifle

Origin

Middle English: from Old French cuissin, based on a Latin word meaning 'cushion for the hip', from coxa 'hip, thigh'. The Romans also had a word cubital 'elbow cushion', from cubitus 'elbow'.

Derivatives

cushioned

adjective
cushioned seats
More example sentences
  • The interiors have soft colours, stone and cement walls, wooden cushioned seats and sofas in the A / C room.
  • Sitting back, Rose relaxed at the comfort of the cushioned seat and closed her eyes for a brief moment.
  • Above these back wheels was a simple cotton cloth cushioned seat, and a canvas canopy that covered the heads of the passengers was supported by painted metal poles.

cushiony

adjective
More example sentences
  • The fiber pads are firm, and most consumers prefer the soft cushiony feel of bonded polyurethane pads that are made from recycled carpet pads and post-industrial scrap from furniture manufacturers.
  • The marble floor was replaced with the same material that was in the sparring dome, a soft, cushiony, smooth material that wouldn't hurt when you fell on it.
  • The cushiony soft pillow was a very welcome change.

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