Definition of cysteine in English:

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cysteine

Pronunciation: /ˈsɪstɪiːn/
/ˈsɪstɪɪn/ /ˈsɪsteɪn/ /ˈsɪstiːn/

noun

[mass noun] Biochemistry
A sulphur-containing amino acid which occurs in keratins and other proteins, often in the form of cystine, and is a constituent of many enzymes.
  • Chemical formula: HSCH2CH(NH2)COOH
Example sentences
  • Whey proteins are also rich in the sulfur-containing amino acids cysteine and methionine.
  • The gelatinase activity was due to metalloproteinases and not cysteine or serine proteinases.
  • The integration of reduced sulphur into the amino acid cysteine is a central step in the assimilation of inorganic sulphur.

Origin

Late 19th century: from cystine + -eine (variant of -ine4).

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