chiefly • technical
- 1Of, showing, or depending on a difference; varying according to circumstances or relevant factors: the differential achievements of boys and girlsMore example sentences
- This seems realistic as we have no evidence to suggest that management of risk factors may have differential benefit according to ethnic origin.
- This emphasizes isoform-specific functions in relation to tissue water permeation or growth as well as differential responses to varying extents of the same abiotic stressor.
- These differential effects did not depend on the child's age or parents' level of education.
- 1.1Constituting a specific difference; distinctive: the differential features between benign and malignant tumoursMore example sentences
- Fluorescence emission can provide a possible method to separate tissue constituents based on differential spectral features.
- Not only offering the means to achieving differential gradations of colour and opacity, the process can also achieve true colour reproduction of photographs and complex graphics.
- By proteograph analysis, none of these met the criteria as differential features between the two cell types, yet many of these proteins will have key roles in fundamental breast biology.
- 1.2 Mathematics Relating to infinitesimal differences or to the derivatives of functions.More example sentences
- At Zurich, in addition to his work on set theory he also worked on differential geometry, number theory, probability theory and the foundations of mathematics.
- This ‘index theorem’ had antecedents in algebraic geometry and led to important new links between differential geometry, topology and analysis.
- His second area of work was on differential geometry in particular the theory of quadratic differential quantics.
- 1.3Relating to a difference in a physical quantity: a differential amplifierMore example sentences
- Shifts in the field of view directly affected displacement output, but density increment and strain, being differential quantities, were unaffected.
- A differential amplifier was used for signal amplification.
- Rail-to-rail input common mode range differential amplifier that operates with very low rail-to-rail voltages
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- 1A difference between amounts of things: the differential between petrol and diesel pricesMore example sentences
- Certainly, the differential between the amount of American workers and Chinese workers will shrink.
- The result included some desirable elements, such as the differential between urban and non-urban taxes and diesel fuel, but was fatally flawed by the commitment that the price of fuel would not increase.
- A majority of American states either mandate or permit manual recounting when the differential between the machine vote totals for opposing candidates is within a certain margin.
- 1.1British A difference in wages between industries or between categories of employees in the same industry: regional differentials in payMore example sentences
- These include the recognition of regional wage differentials.
- Factors of production do not move easily across national boundaries in response to wage price differentials.
- And it is also true that wage differentials between the public and private sector pay have increased.
- 1.2 Mathematics An infinitesimal difference between successive values of a variable.More example sentences
- It investigates the use of some functional equations in order to calculate the differentials of logarithmic and trigonometrical functions as well as the binomial expansion and Taylor formula.
- He had shown when certain elliptic differentials could be integrated in logarithms but his methods was of little practical use.
- He used differentials in his courses, which he supplemented with a special one on difference equations and numerical mathematics because engineers often work on discrete data.
- 1.3 (also differential gear) A gear allowing a vehicle’s driven wheels to revolve at different speeds in cornering.More example sentences
- This same product also secures the crown wheel to the differential to prevent fretting (wear caused by small metal particles generated on assembly).
- By applying brake pressure to a slipping wheel, torque is transferred across that axle's differential to the other wheel.
- It's just a bunch of tiny things rather than big engines, differentials, heavy wheels, that comes out during the race, blocks made of wax in the springs that crush when the race starts.
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- Different surface materials behave differentially in response to seismic shaking of various frequencies.
- Indeed, punishments are handed out differentially on this basis all the time.
- Even if migration ceased immediately, these regions would continue to grow differentially for some time to come.
mid 17th century: from medieval Latin differentialis, from Latin differentia 'difference' (see differentia).