Definition of dilute in English:

dilute

Line breaks: di¦lute
Pronunciation: /dʌɪˈl(j)uːt
 
, dɪ-/

verb

[with object]
1Make (a liquid) thinner or weaker by adding water or another solvent to it: bleach can be diluted with cold water (as adjective diluted) diluted fruit juice
More example sentences
  • Dyes using acetone or alcohol solvents can be diluted with water also.
  • Old time gun makers stained their stocks with aqua fortis, a combination of nitric acid diluted with distilled water and iron filings.
  • The aim is to develop epoxy systems that can be diluted in water - for ease of cleaning - without compromising chemical resistance and cure rate.
Synonyms
make weaker, weaken; thin out, thin, make thinner, water down, add water to; mix, doctor, lace, adulterate
informal cut
weak, dilute, thin, thinned out, watered down, watery; adulterated
1.1Make (something) weaker in force, content, or value by modification or the addition of other elements: the reforms have been diluted (as adjective diluted) the report was published in a diluted form
More example sentences
  • But there is the danger that composers writing for amateurs may feel forced to dilute their musical language, to compromise their artistic integrity on the altar of accessibility.
  • In addition, it will dilute its holding in the present subsidiary.
  • But record labels will insist on keeping CDs in the charts because downloaders buy such a broad range of content they dilute the marketing push behind new artists - which labels need to survive.
Synonyms
1.2Reduce the value of (a shareholding) by issuing more shares in a company without increasing the values of its assets.
More example sentences
  • If you choose to do nothing, your shareholding will be diluted thanks to the extra shares issued.
  • He retained a stake in the company, but the board diluted the shares, reducing his equity to less than 2%.
  • He added that it is wrong to assume that South Africans will be dominating the the merged entity as the shareholding is diluted by 22.7%.

adjective

Pronunciation: /also ˈdʌɪ-
 
/
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1(Of a liquid) made thinner or weaker by having had water or another solvent added to it.
More example sentences
  • The water turnover rates of hummingbirds feeding on dilute nectar are more similar to those of amphibious and aquatic organisms than to those of terrestrial vertebrates.
  • Finally, don't forget to deadhead and water your containers regularly, and if you add very dilute liquid feed to the watering can every time, the plants will thank you for it.
  • This observation may be an important, and so far ignored, component in the explanation for the dilute nectars found in bird-pollinated plants.
Synonyms
1.1 Chemistry (Of a solution) having a relatively low concentration of solute: a dilute solution of potassium permanganate
More example sentences
  • A dilute solution of acetic acid was cooled below its freezing point.
  • The new test uses a dilute solution of potassium permanganate.
  • The carbonates are washed repeatedly with a dilute solution of sodium carbonate, thus removing any coloration from the precipitate.
1.2(Of colour or light) weak or low in concentration: dilute sun
More example sentences
  • Even the nebulae, those ‘extended masses of dilute light’, are thought by some to be condensing into planetary systems.

Origin

mid 16th century: from Latin dilut- 'washed away, dissolved', from the verb diluere.

Derivatives

diluter

noun
More example sentences
  • In Colorado Springs, conservatives see immigrants mostly as potential recruits rather than as diluters of the national spirit.
  • Publicly traded companies are remarkably consistent ‘net diluters’.
  • Suited for use in reagent dispensers, diluters, and draining devices, the pump features a factory-set output that allows repeatable dispensing rates of up to 200 dispenses per minute.

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