noun (plural diplococci /ˌdɪplə(ʊ)ˈkɒk(s)ʌɪ/ /ˌdɪplə(ʊ)ˈkɒk(s)iː/)
A bacterium that occurs as pairs of cocci, e.g. pneumococcus.
- If the smear shows Gram negative intracellular diplococci, the patient is treated for gonorrhoea and chlamydia to cover the possibility of a mixed infection.
- Dexamethasone therapy should be continued following test results only if gram-positive diplococci are found in the CSF Gram stain, or if cultures reveal Streptococcus pneumoniae.
- Shortly before he left, however, a call from an excited microbiologist confirmed the presence of Gram negative diplococci in both blood and cerebrospinal fluid culture.
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