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emphysema

Line breaks: em¦phy|se¦ma
Pronunciation: /ˌɛmfɪˈsiːmə
 
/

Definition of emphysema in English:

noun

[mass noun] Medicine
1 (also pulmonary emphysema) A condition in which the air sacs of the lungs are damaged and enlarged, causing breathlessness: smoking can lead to serious lung diseases such as emphysema
More example sentences
  • Remember asthma affects the lung tubes primarily and emphysema the air sacs.
  • Then we need to add chronic lung diseases such as emphysema and chronic bronchitis to the list of smoking-caused illnesses.
  • Other important causes of shortness of breath are asthma, emphysema, pneumonia, and clots to the lung.
2A condition in which air is abnormally present within the body tissues.
Example sentences
  • Our patient presented with mild dyspnea and dysphonia and demonstrated subcutaneous emphysema and Hamman's sign.
  • Tachycardia may be present, as well as subcutaneous emphysema.
  • She was unable to open her right eye because of the subcutaneous emphysema.

Origin

mid 17th century (in sense 2): via late Latin from Greek emphusēma, from emphusan 'puff up'.

Definition of emphysema in:

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