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encephalopathy

Line breaks: en|ceph¦al|op¦athy
Pronunciation: /ɛnˌsɛfəˈlɒpəθi
 
, -ˌkɛf-/

Definition of encephalopathy in English:

noun (plural encephalopathies)

Medicine
A disease in which the functioning of the brain is affected by some agent or condition (such as viral infection or toxins in the blood): a picture of how these encephalopathies are transmitted [mass noun]: patients with encephalopathy
More example sentences
  • Both mad-cow and mad-deer disease are transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, in which brain proteins called prions deform, forcing other brain cells to degenerate along with them.
  • Prions are special proteins believed to be the infectious agents responsible for transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, a group of rare, fatal disorders that slowly destroy the brain and nervous system.
  • Hepatic encephalopathy occurs in patients with portal hypertension and cirrhosis.

Definition of encephalopathy in:

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