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enclitic

Line breaks: en|clit¦ic
Pronunciation: /ɪnˈklɪtɪk
 
, ɛn-/

Definition of enclitic in English:

noun

Linguistics
A word pronounced with so little emphasis that it is shortened and forms part of the preceding word, for example n’t in can’t. Compare with proclitic.
Example sentences
  • With its multitude of vowels and complex systems of inflections and enclitics, Navajo is one of the most difficult languages in the world to learn.
  • The object pronoun ‘me’ is arguably an enclitic, merging phonologically with the word that precedes it.

Origin

mid 17th century: via late Latin from Greek enklitikos, from enklinein 'lean on', from en- 'in, on' + klinein 'to lean'.

Derivatives

enclitically

1
adverb

Definition of enclitic in:

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