Definition of eugenol in English:

Share this entry

eugenol

Pronunciation: /ˈjuːdʒɪnɒl/

noun

[mass noun] Chemistry
A colourless or pale yellow liquid compound present in oil of cloves and other essential oils and used in perfumery.
  • Alternative name: 4-allyl-2-methoxyphenol; chemical formula: C10H12O2.
Example sentences
  • The taste is acid but sweet, with an unusual aromatic quality partly due to eugenol, an essential oil found also in cloves.
  • The aromatic chemical in clove called eugenol anesthetizes pain and kills bacteria.
  • Linalool is responsible for the light floral character; eugenol, the clove; and methyl chavicol, the anise.

Origin

Late 19th century: from eugenia (genus name of the tree from which oil of cloves is obtained, named in honour of Prince Eugene of Savoy (1663–1736)) + -ol.

For editors and proofreaders

Line breaks: eu|gen¦ol

Share this entry
 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.