Definition of eugenol in English:


Line breaks: eu|gen¦ol
Pronunciation: /ˈjuːdʒɪnɒl


[mass noun] Chemistry
  • A colourless or pale yellow liquid compound present in oil of cloves and other essential oils and used in perfumery.
    • Alternative name: 4-allyl-2-methoxyphenol; chemical formula: C10H12O2
    More example sentences
    • The taste is acid but sweet, with an unusual aromatic quality partly due to eugenol, an essential oil found also in cloves.
    • The aromatic chemical in clove called eugenol anesthetizes pain and kills bacteria.
    • Linalool is responsible for the light floral character; eugenol, the clove; and methyl chavicol, the anise.


late 19th century: from eugenia (genus name of the tree from which oil of cloves is obtained, named in honour of Prince Eugene of Savoy (1663–1736)) + -ol.

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