Definition of excommunicate in English:

excommunicate

Line breaks: ex|com¦mu¦ni|cate

verb

Pronunciation: /ˌɛkskəˈmjuːnɪkeɪt
 
/
[with object]
Officially exclude (someone) from participation in the sacraments and services of the Christian Church: Martin Luther was excommunicated by the Pope
More example sentences
  • He left for France and then Germany, where he was excommunicated by the Lutheran Church, and returned to Italy in the mistaken belief that it would be safe to do so.
  • The church excommunicated people who said that the earth revolved around the sun.
  • A Puritan New England congregation even excommunicated a man who neglected the sexual aspect of his relationship with his wife!

adjective

Pronunciation: /ˌɛkskəˈmjuːnɪkət
 
/
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Excommunicated: an excommunicate bishop
More example sentences
  • Any that fought against him would be automatically excommunicate.
  • In 1310 the excommunicate Bruce secured the support of the Scottish clergy.
  • The suspension of Roger from office and the restoration of the excommunicate status of Gilbert Foliot and Jocelin of Salisbury would derail that plan.

noun

Pronunciation: /ˌɛkskəˈmjuːnɪkət
 
/
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An excommunicated person: the arrest of excommunicates
More example sentences
  • The Constitutions of Clarendon expressly forbade any oath about future conduct being required from an excommunicate.

Origin

late Middle English: from ecclesiastical Latin excommunicat- 'excluded from communication with the faithful', from the verb excommunicare, from ex- 'out' + Latin communis 'common to all', on the pattern of Latin communicare (see communicate).

Derivatives

excommunication

Pronunciation: /-ˈkeɪʃ(ə)n/
noun
More example sentences
  • There are important distinctions between the denial of Communion and excommunication in canon law, but they are of a kind only a lawyer could love.
  • I very much doubt that Pope Benedict is going to engage in wholesale excommunications, but I have no doubt he will encourage people to ponder anew what is entailed in being in communion with the Church.
  • No canonical or civil penalties, much less automatic excommunication, are attached to its violation.

excommunicative

Pronunciation: /-kətɪv/
adjective

excommunicator

noun
More example sentences
  • Aaron's father presides over the panel of Mormon excommunicators, and his son's ‘sin’ is so disgusting it can barely be put into words.

excommunicatory

Pronunciation: /-ˈkeɪt(ə)ri/
adjective

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