Definition of extrinsic in English:

extrinsic

Line breaks: ex|trin¦sic
Pronunciation: /ɪkˈstrɪnsɪk
 
, ɛk-/

adjective

  • 1Not part of the essential nature of someone or something; coming or operating from outside: a complex interplay of extrinsic and intrinsic factors reasons extrinsic to the music itself
    More example sentences
    • Because of its observational nature, our study cannot differentiate between intrinsic or extrinsic factors in the reduced reproductive success.
    • Thus three-dimensionality was extrinsic to painting, which was essentially flat, in Greenberg's view.
    • Other workers have, however, tended to view the diversifications as resulting from a complex mix of intrinsic biological and extrinsic physical factors.
    Synonyms
  • 2(Of a muscle, such as an eye muscle) having its origin some distance from the part which it moves.
    More example sentences
    • The extrinsic muscles of the larynx control the degree of tension on the vocal cords, and the intrinsic muscles regulate the glottis.
    • The extrinsic extensor tendon attaches to the base of the dorsum of the middle phalanx, and bands from the intrinsic hand muscles attach to the distal phalanx.
    • Unlike the upper esophageal sphincter, the lower sphincter is not pulled open by extrinsic musculature.

Derivatives

extrinsically

adverb
More example sentences
  • And finally, do we learn for learning's sake, or must we be extrinsically motivated to do so?
  • For example, some might argue that children playing baseball are intrinsically motivated by the joy of playing, while a professional baseball player is extrinsically motivated, by money and championships.
  • Additionally, individuals preferring a field-dependent learning style have been found to be more extrinsically motivated and learn better when organization and structure is provided by the teacher.

Origin

mid 16th century (in the sense 'outward'): from late Latin extrinsecus 'outward', from Latin extrinsecus 'outwardly', based on exter 'outer'; the ending was altered under the influence of -ic.

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Word of the day coloratura
Pronunciation: ˌkələrəˈto͝orə
noun
elaborate ornamentation of a vocal melody