Definition of fundamental in English:

fundamental

Line breaks: fun¦da|men¦tal
Pronunciation: /fʌndəˈmɛnt(ə)l
 
/

adjective

  • 1Forming a necessary base or core; of central importance: the protection of fundamental human rights interpretation of evidence is fundamental to the historian’s craft
    More example sentences
    • This is fundamental to human rights and the application of international law.
    • Freedom of belief (note the Western turn of phrase) is fundamental to human rights, and it was Islam that first proclaimed this value.
    • Some of my concerns are fairly fundamental to the voting process and the secrecy of voting.
    Synonyms
    basic, foundational, rudimentary, elemental, elementary, underlying, basal, radical, root; primary, cardinal, initial, original, prime, first, primitive, primordial; principal, chief, capital, key, central; structural, organic, constitutional, inherent, intrinsic, ingrained; vital, essential, important, indispensable, necessary, crucial, pivotal, critical
  • 1.1Affecting or relating to the essential nature of something or the crucial point about an issue: the fundamental problem remains that of the housing shortage
    More example sentences
    • A lot has changed environ-mentally since then, he added, but fundamental issues and human nature have remained the same.
    • Being able to go car shopping the way the majority of the population goes fruit shopping means that there are certain fundamental issues affecting this majority that these rulers know of only in theory.
    • And having achieved his narrow victory, the famous flip-flop on fundamental issues was second nature to Vajpayee.
  • 1.2So basic as to be hard to alter, resolve, or overcome: the theories are based on a fundamental error
    More example sentences
    • In doing so, he has never tried to resolve the fundamental difference of opinion between the opposing wings of his party.
    • He becomes an of people, and this is a very basic fundamental error.
    • This fear is so fundamental that it overcame other basic Australian traits - compassion, a helping hand, a fair go.

noun

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  • 2 Music A fundamental note, tone, or frequency.
    More example sentences
    • The beating between adjacent harmonics causes the brain to ‘hear’ the non-existent fundamental.
    • In the Hammond organ, the fundamental and up to eight harmonics were available and were controlled by means of drawbars and preset keys or buttons.
    • The standing wave with the longest wavelength is called the fundamental; the overtone number keeps count of the number of half-wavelengths.

Derivatives

fundamentality

Pronunciation: /-ˈtalɪti/
noun
More example sentences
  • For a court intent on denying the fundamentality of a claimed right, it is always possible to read the prior cases narrowly - and to define the newly claimed right so narrowly that it looks ridiculous.
  • Joan of Arc, I believe, was a revolutionary leader whose tragic end is a further affirmation of the fundamentality of the causes she championed.
  • This is exactly where the fundamentality of symmetry fails and is limited by our practical calculation.

Origin

late Middle English: from French fondamental, or late Latin fundamentalis, from Latin fundamentum, from fundare 'to found'.

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