Definition of fundus in English:

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Pronunciation: /ˈfʌndəs/

noun (plural fundi /ˈfʌndʌɪ/)

1The part of a hollow organ (such as the uterus or the gall bladder) that is furthest from the opening.
Example sentences
  • The distribution of the various epithelial changes did not follow any pattern with regard to occurrence in the neck, body, or fundus of the gallbladder.
  • When you place your head lower than your hips, gravity encourages the fetus to move toward the fundus of the uterus, flex his or her chin, and turn under.
  • The textbook is a comprehensive and very practical approach to all aspects of fundus diseases including retina, vitreous, choroid, tumors of the fundus and optic nerve disease.
1.1The upper part of the stomach, which forms a bulge above the level of the opening of the oesophagus (furthest from the pylorus).
Example sentences
  • The stomach consists of the fundus, body, and antrum.
  • The surgeon wraps the fundus of the stomach to create an external esophageal sphincter so that food or fluid entering the stomach is unable to exit via the esophagus.
  • They inserted a plastic tube through the fundus of the stomach into the mid-esophagus to enable esophageal distension with saline, generating elevated esophageal pressures to simulate a clinical gastric regurgitation situation.
1.2The part of the eyeball opposite the pupil.
Example sentences
  • This time she did remain still, and I saw that she had a pearly white optic disc in her fundus.
  • The pupils should be dilated and the fundus examined in a darkened room.
  • Mild atherosclerotic changes of the retinal arterioles were seen in the right fundus, which was otherwise unremarkable.


Mid 18th century: from Latin, literally 'bottom'.

For editors and proofreaders

Line breaks: fun¦dus

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