Definition of furfural in English:

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Pronunciation: /ˈfəːf(j)əral/


[mass noun] Chemistry
A colourless liquid used in synthetic resin manufacture, originally obtained by distilling bran.
  • An aldehyde derived from furan; chemical formula: C4H3OCHO.
Example sentences
  • Glucose loses two water molecules and rearranges to form hydroxymethyl furfural, which polymerizes into brown pigments that add flavor and color to the candy.
  • Johann Doebereiner,, a German chemist accidentally discovered furfural in 1832 when he treated sugar with sulfuric acid and manganese dioxide.
  • Upon further heating, the sucrose forms hydroxymethyl furfural, which polymerizes into a the brown pigments that give color and flavor to the brittle.


Late 19th century: from obsolete furfurol (in the same sense) + -al.

For editors and proofreaders

Line breaks: fur|fural

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