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gamma-aminobutyric acid

Line breaks: gamma-aminobu¦tyr¦ic acid
Pronunciation: /ˌɡaməəˌmiːnəʊbjuːˈtɪrɪk
 
, -əˌmʌɪnəʊ-, -ˈamɪnəʊ-/

Definition of gamma-aminobutyric acid in English:

noun

[mass noun] Biochemistry
An amino acid which acts to inhibit the transmission of nerve impulses in the central nervous system.
Example sentences
  • Phytosterols, a volatile oil, and amino acids, including gamma-aminobutyric acid and L-canavanine, have been isolated from the root.
  • Instead, the etiology of the disorder is related to abnormalities of serotonin, norepinephrine, gamma-aminobutyric acid, dopamine, and cholecystokinin.
  • Hypoxia increases central nervous system levels of specific neuroinhibitors such as endogenous opioids, adenosine, and gamma-aminobutyric acid.

Origin

early 20th century: gamma indicating the relative position of amino on the third carbon away from the acid group.

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