Definition of germ cell in English:

germ cell

Line breaks: germ cell

noun

Biology
  • 1A cell containing half the number of chromosomes of a somatic cell and able to unite with one from the opposite sex to form a new individual; a gamete.
    More example sentences
    • Male identity would be a cell-autonomous decision entirely independent of the sexual identity of the soma but dependent upon the number of X chromosomes in the germ cell.
    • Mutated DNA can only be passed to the next generation if it is present in a germ cell such as spermatozoa and ova, each of which contribute half of the DNA of the new organism.
    • A mature male or female germ cell usually possessing a haploid chromosome set is capable of initiating formation of a new diploid individual by fusion with a gamete of the opposite sex.
  • 1.1An embryonic cell with the potential of developing into a gamete.
    More example sentences
    • These types of moles are produced by the development of a germ cell that lacks equal contributions of DNA from both the egg and the sperm.
    • Researchers discovered that they could develop primordial germ cells from embryonic stem cells.
    • Of all the stem cells that we use in research, they come from three sources: embryonic stem cells, embryonic germ cells and adult stem cells.

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Pronunciation: raz
verb
tease (someone) playfully