Social relations based on impersonal ties, such as duty to a society or organization. Contrasted with Gemeinschaft.
- He has suggested that such communities preserve a residue of traditional Gemeinschaft amid the more individualistic and impersonal Gesellschaft of modernity.
- Any particular society is either an example of Gemeinschaft or Gesellschaft.
- It's a classic case of the way the Revolution pitted Gesellschaft against Gemeinschaft, modernity against tradition, universal values against local standards.
German, from Gesell(e) 'companion' + -schaft (see -ship).
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