Definition of glomerulus in English:

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glomerulus

Pronunciation: /ɡlɒˈmɛr(j)ʊləs/

noun (plural glomeruli /ɡlɒˈmɛr(j)ʊlʌɪ/ /ɡlɒˈmɛr(j)ʊliː/)

Anatomy & Biology
A cluster of nerve endings, spores, or small blood vessels, especially a cluster of capillaries around the end of a kidney tubule.
Example sentences
  • In the kidney, the glomeruli show thickened capillary walls and endothelial swelling.
  • The neoplastic cells surrounded glomeruli and invaded renal tubules forming lymphoepithelial lesions.
  • Fairly well differentiated renal tissue with embryonic glomeruli and tubules.

Derivatives

glomerular

Pronunciation: /ɡlɒˈmɛr(j)ʊlə/
adjective
Example sentences
  • By light microscopy, glomeruli showed glomerular basement membrane thickening.
  • This force drives plasma from the glomerular capillaries into the nephrons.
  • Jones silver stains highlighted the basement membrane spikes in some, but not all, glomerular capillaries.

Origin

Mid 19th century: modern Latin, diminutive of Latin glomus, glomer- 'ball of thread'.

For editors and proofreaders

Line breaks: glom¦eru¦lus

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