Share this entry

glomerulus Line breaks: glom¦eru¦lus
Pronunciation: /ɡlɒˈmɛr(j)ʊləs/

Definition of glomerulus in English:

noun (plural glomeruli ɡlɒˈmɛr(j)ʊlʌɪɡlɒˈmɛr(j)ʊliː)

Anatomy & Biology
A cluster of nerve endings, spores, or small blood vessels, especially a cluster of capillaries around the end of a kidney tubule.
Example sentences
  • In the kidney, the glomeruli show thickened capillary walls and endothelial swelling.
  • The neoplastic cells surrounded glomeruli and invaded renal tubules forming lymphoepithelial lesions.
  • Fairly well differentiated renal tissue with embryonic glomeruli and tubules.


Mid 19th century: modern Latin, diminutive of Latin glomus, glomer- 'ball of thread'.



Pronunciation: /ɡlɒˈmɛr(j)ʊlə/
Example sentences
  • By light microscopy, glomeruli showed glomerular basement membrane thickening.
  • This force drives plasma from the glomerular capillaries into the nephrons.
  • Jones silver stains highlighted the basement membrane spikes in some, but not all, glomerular capillaries.

Definition of glomerulus in:

Share this entry


What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove ads and access premium resources

Word of the day confidant
Pronunciation: ˈkänfəˌdant
a person with whom one shares a secret...