Definition of gluon in English:

gluon

Line breaks: gluon
Pronunciation: /ˈgluːɒn
 
/

noun

Physics
  • A hypothetical massless subatomic particle believed to transmit the force binding quarks together in a hadron.
    More example sentences
    • Above that energy scale, the weak nuclear bosons are massless like the photon that transmits the electromagnetic force between electrons and protons and the gluon that transmits the strong nuclear force between quarks.
    • This includes mesons like pions, gauge particles like photons and gluons, the hypothesized Higgs scalar, etc.
    • According to quantum field theory, gluons and pairs of light quarks and antiquarks should be spontaneously emitted and re-absorbed by the quarks and gluons inside hadrons.

Origin

1970s: from glue + -on.

More definitions of gluon

Definition of gluon in:

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove ads and access premium resources

Word of the day astrogation
Pronunciation: ˌastrəˈgāSHən
noun
(in science fiction) navigation in outer space