Definition of government in English:

government

Line breaks: gov¦ern|ment
Pronunciation: /ˈgʌv(ə)nˌm(ə)nt
 
, ˈgʌvəm(ə)nt
 
/

noun

1 [treated as singular or plural] The group of people with the authority to govern a country or state; a particular ministry in office: the government’s economic record successive Labour governments
More example sentences
  • We have seen successive governments and home secretaries promise to be tough on crime.
  • He was to form no less than fourteen governments as Prime Minister during the rest of his life.
  • They have never had much faith in governments and have always believed in direct action.
Synonyms
administration, executive, regime, authority, powers that be, directorate, council, leadership, management; cabinet, ministry; rule, term of office, incumbency
informal top brass
1.1 [mass noun] The system by which a state or community is governed: a democratic form of government
More example sentences
  • The American bureaucracy fits somewhat awkwardly into its democratic system of government.
  • It is about whether we will have a system of government and a social system in which we see each other as equals.
  • Is a democratic form of government a necessary pre-condition for the existence of human rights?
1.2 [mass noun] The action or manner of controlling or regulating a state, organization, or people: rules for the government of the infirmary
More example sentences
  • She advocates the control of the excesses of capitalism by regulation and government.
  • He's talking about class and race and a vision of how government can help regular people.
  • In its period in government the party encouraged religious prejudices and backwardness.
Synonyms
2 Grammar The relation between a governed and a governing word.
More example sentences
  • It seems that English allots its nominative and oblique forms of pronouns in terms of position, not true government as in German.
  • I'm tempted to suggest that government by the nearest conjunct is in fact the rule for vernacular English.
  • There's a lot more variation going on with the government of forms of complement verbs than most scholars of English think.

Origin

Middle English: from Old French governement, from governer (see govern).

Derivatives

governmental

Pronunciation: /-ˈmɛnt(ə)l/
adjective
More example sentences
  • It has recently proposed joint governmental intervention to raise prices.
  • He views governmental manipulation of the media, and media subservience to it, as the norm.
  • Politics is the art or science concerned with guiding or influencing governmental policy.

governmentally

Pronunciation: /-ˈmɛnt(ə)li/
adverb
More example sentences
  • During the energy crises of 1973-74 and 1980-81, gasoline price controls and governmentally imposed oil allocation controls led to hours'-long gasoline lines.
  • Those sorts of governmentally imposed restrictions will impact on the entire New Zealand fishing industry.
  • For this reason, exchange rates are among the most watched, analyzed and governmentally manipulated economic measures.

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