Definition of gumma in English:

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gumma

Pronunciation: /ˈɡʌmə/

noun (plural gummas or gummata /ˈɡʌmətə/)

Medicine
A small soft swelling which is characteristic of the late stages of syphilis and occurs in the connective tissue of the liver, brain, testes, and heart.
Example sentences
  • Many patients advance to tertiary syphilis with cardiac, neurologic, and cutaneous gummas, which are painless nodules, asymmetrically distributed in groups on the face and trunk.
  • If you have late syphilis, you may develop gummas (say: gum-mahs).

Derivatives

gummatous

adjective
Example sentences
  • Tertiary or late syphilis is classified into gummatous syphilis, cardiovascular syphilis, and neurosyphilis.
  • Even without a confirmatory rapid plasma reagin test or darkfield examination of the gummatous discharge, the diagnosis of secondary syphilis was obvious.

Origin

Early 18th century: modern Latin, from Latin gummi (see gum1).

For editors and proofreaders

Line breaks: gumma

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