Definition of harmattan in English:


Line breaks: har|mat¦tan
Pronunciation: /hɑːˈmat(ə)n


  • A very dry, dusty easterly or north-easterly wind on the West African coast, occurring from December to February.
    More example sentences
    • It is subject to constant dust-laden winds variously known as sirocco, khamsin, simoom and harmattan.
    • The savanna lands (grassy plains) of the northern regions face harmattan (dust-laden) winds for four months each year.
    • During the harmattan, a cool, dusty wind from the Sahara grays the skies.


late 17th century: from Akan haramata.

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