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hazard

Line breaks: haz¦ard
Pronunciation: /ˈhazəd
 
/

Definition of hazard in English:

noun

1A danger or risk: the hazards of childbirth
More example sentences
  • Ensuring safe delivery and optimal care of the baby at birth eliminates the risk of peri-natal hazards to the brain.
  • The minister said that farming is probably the only employment sector that poses such enormous direct risks and hazards for both children and elderly people.
  • The reports of anthrax cases have put a renewed focus on the risks and hazards posed by biological agents.
Synonyms
1.1A potential source of danger: a fire hazard a health hazard
More example sentences
  • He could not hide the fact that most buildings in the town were potential fire hazards.
  • There had been concerns about potential health and safety hazards, including the fact that Miss Halliday would have to wear a tightly-fitting corset.
  • Many destructive fires start during such times, since potential fire hazards can go unnoticed in the relative darkness.
1.2A permanent feature of a golf course which presents an obstruction to playing a shot, such as a bunker or stream.
Example sentences
  • On holes where existing features provided hazards, fairway bunkers were deemed an unnecessary luxury.
  • Bunkers are hazards, according to the rules of golf.
  • He hit his tee shot in a hazard.
2 [mass noun] literary Chance; probability: we can form no calculation concerning the laws of hazard
More example sentences
  • And although he tries to concoct it, there is scant sense of hazard.
  • In these poems, nothing is left to hazard or given for mere poetic effect.
  • Those changes simply could not have happened by hazard
Synonyms
3 [mass noun] A gambling game using two dice, in which the chances are complicated by arbitrary rules.
Example sentences
  • The Game of Hazard may be played by any Number of Persons.
  • Who will go with me to hazard, For a hundred English prisoners?
  • The principal game played was hazard, of which there were two kinds.
4(In real tennis) each of the winning openings in the court.
5 Billiards A stroke with which a ball is pocketed.
5.1 (losing hazard) The pocketing of the cue ball off another ball.
Example sentences
  • In making a short losing hazard into the right top pocket across the head of the board, Newman just grazed his opponent's ball with his cue.
  • A player fails to score and gives way to his opponents if his stroke does not result in a cannon, a losing hazard or a winning hazard.
  • He miscued on a very simple losing hazard in the centre pocket as a result of overstretching for the shot.
5.2 (winning hazard) The pocketing of the object ball.
Example sentences
  • Wherever the winning hazard reigns he has this strong pull over all possible opponents.
  • The winning hazard becomes automatic.
  • A player fails to score and gives way to his opponents if his stroke does not result in a cannon, a losing hazard or a winning hazard.

verb

[with object] Back to top  
1Say (something) in a tentative way: he hazarded a guess
More example sentences
  • It is far too early to hazard any kind of decent guess at the likely outcome.
  • Everyone around him hazards a guess, but they are all wildly speculative.
  • At the end he hazards an estimate, cautiously and with qualifications, that the Aboriginal population was perhaps 600 when the settlers arrived.
Synonyms
venture, put forward, proffer, advance, volunteer;
conjecture, speculate, surmise
formal opine
2Put (something) at risk of being lost: the cargo business is too risky to hazard money on
More example sentences
  • In order to achieve a world record and generate a stunning effect, we defy great risks, even hazarding our lives.
  • I figured I'd force myself to take risks, hazard extra dangers, go where reporters weren't.
  • We should avoid the mistake of hazarding our national transport systems again.
Synonyms
risk, put at risk, jeopardize, chance, gamble, stake, bet, take a chance with;
endanger, imperil, expose to danger, put in jeopardy

Origin

Middle English (in sense 3 of the noun): from Old French hasard, from Spanish azar, from Arabic az-zahr 'chance, luck', from Persian zār or Turkish zar 'dice'.

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