Definition of hypochlorous acid in English:

hypochlorous acid

Line breaks: hypo|chlor¦ous acid
Pronunciation: /ˌhʌɪpə(ʊ)ˈklɔːrəs
 
/

noun

[mass noun] Chemistry
A weak acid with oxidizing properties formed when chlorine dissolves in cold water and used in bleaching and water treatment.
  • Chemical formula: HOCl
More example sentences
  • It has been demonstrated, for example, that NAC has the ability to scavenge hydrogen peroxide, hypochlorous acid and the hydroxyl radical.
  • In mammalian neutrophils, myeloperoxidase is a key player, converting hydrogen peroxide to hypochlorous acid.
  • This effect would be exacerbated if hypochlorous acid inactivates proteinase inhibitor by oxidizing its critical methionine residue.

Origin

mid 19th century: hypochlorous from hypo- (denoting an element in a low valency) + chlorine + -ous.

Derivatives

hypochlorite

noun
More example sentences
  • The hypochlorite ion is an oxidizing agent that sterilizes water by ridding it of microorganisms.
  • Common household cleaners can contain simple inorganic chemicals such as sodium hypochlorite or hydrochloric acid.
  • Chloroform can be made from ethanol by reacting the ethanol with calcium hypochlorite.

More definitions of hypochlorous acid

Definition of hypochlorous acid in:

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove ads and access premium resources

Word of the day middlescent
Pronunciation: ˌmidlˈesənt
adjective
middle-aged, but still maintaining youthful interests and activities