Definition of hypochlorous acid in English:

Share this entry

hypochlorous acid

Pronunciation: /ˌhʌɪpə(ʊ)ˈklɔːrəs/

noun

[mass noun] Chemistry
A weak acid with oxidizing properties formed when chlorine dissolves in cold water and used in bleaching and water treatment.
  • Chemical formula: HOCl.
Example sentences
  • It has been demonstrated, for example, that NAC has the ability to scavenge hydrogen peroxide, hypochlorous acid and the hydroxyl radical.
  • In mammalian neutrophils, myeloperoxidase is a key player, converting hydrogen peroxide to hypochlorous acid.
  • This effect would be exacerbated if hypochlorous acid inactivates proteinase inhibitor by oxidizing its critical methionine residue.

Derivatives

hypochlorite

Pronunciation: /ˌhʌɪpəˈklɔːrʌɪt/
noun
Example sentences
  • The hypochlorite ion is an oxidizing agent that sterilizes water by ridding it of microorganisms.
  • Common household cleaners can contain simple inorganic chemicals such as sodium hypochlorite or hydrochloric acid.
  • Chloroform can be made from ethanol by reacting the ethanol with calcium hypochlorite.

Origin

Mid 19th century: hypochlorous from hypo- (denoting an element in a low valency) + chlorine + -ous.

For editors and proofreaders

Line breaks: hypo|chlor¦ous acid

Share this entry
 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.