noun (plural immunities)
- 1 [mass noun] The ability of an organism to resist a particular infection or toxin by the action of specific antibodies or sensitized white blood cells: immunity to typhoid seems to have increased spontaneouslyMore example sentences
- Women who develop immunity to the infection before pregnancy are not in danger of transmitting it to their babies.
- Experiencing tetanus does not itself produce immunity to a second infection.
- They also may have lower immunity to infection than older family members, plus increased viral shedding and longer duration of illness.
- 2Protection or exemption from something, especially an obligation or penalty: the rebels were given immunity from prosecutionMore example sentences
exemption, exception, freedom, release, impunity, dispensation, exoneration; non-liability for• informal a let-off• rare derogationindemnity, privilege, prerogative, special treatment, right, liberty, licence, permission; asylum; legal exemption, impunity, protection, freedom; French carte blancheLaw , • historical droit
- Even in situations where an undertaking does not qualify for a total immunity from a fine penalties may be reduced.
- It could be an immunity from a government action - for instance, my right to free speech bars the government from punishing me for speaking.
- It seems to me that the stauncher first world proponents of globalisation feel a personal immunity from its vicissitudes.
- 2.1 Law Officially granted exemption from legal proceedings or liability.More example sentences
- There is no issue between the parties with respect to the applicable legal principles relating to the immunity granted an expert witness in legal proceedings.
- Either a party to a tribunal or legal proceedings is granted immunity or he is not.
- Today, he and his accomplices are beginning to lose the legal immunity they granted themselves.
- 2.2Lack of susceptibility, especially to something unwelcome or harmful: products must have an adequate level of immunity to interferenceMore example sentences
- Natural combativeness, an innate immunity to being cowed by the biggest names or the biggest occasions in football, is obviously a vital part of the equipment he carries on to the field.
- But they also promise a partial immunity to the passage of time.
- It appeared, however, as if she herself had acquired a unique immunity to invective and insult so long as she could lay her hands on something to stitch.
late Middle English: in the sense 'exemption (from a liability'): from Latin immunitas, from immunis (see immune).