Share this entry

Share this page


Line breaks: in|clude
Pronunciation: /ɪnˈkluːd

Definition of include in English:


[with object]
1Comprise or contain as part of a whole: the price includes dinner, bed, and breakfast other changes included the abolition of the death penalty
More example sentences
  • The few articles of furniture included a narrow bed, a chair, and a desk in one corner.
  • The fries were quite good, and they are included in the price of the dinner.
  • On our honeymoon Shara was only allowed breakfast and dinner because lunch was not included in the price.
2Make part of a whole or set: we have included some hints for beginners in this section
More example sentences
  • The FBI's documents included no hint as to how someone mistakenly put on can get himself removed.
  • The Prime Minister hinted yesterday that legislation on airguns may be included in the Queen's Speech.
  • The Supreme Court filings included only a hint of the nastiness and sleaze from the family fight.
add, insert, put in, append, enter, build in
2.1Allow (someone) to share in an activity or privilege: there were doubts as to whether she was included in the invitation
More example sentences
  • There might be a cousin visiting and you have to decide whether you include him in the sample.
  • I also seem to recall that Clarke said this encounter included him and other unnamed persons.
  • He is included by name regardless of whether or not he has children.
2.2 (include someone out) informal Specifically exclude someone from a group or activity.
Example sentences
  • Nor are you, and this is important for anybody who adheres to the EE Cummings adage ‘include me out’, constantly being pestered to join in with everything.
  • If so, in the immortal words of Sam Goldwyn, ‘include me out!’
  • If that's supposed to be Utopia, include me out.


late Middle English (also in the sense 'shut in'): from Latin includere, from in- 'into' + claudere 'to shut'.


Include has a broader meaning than comprise. In the sentence the accommodation comprises 2 bedrooms, bathroom, kitchen, and living room, the word comprise implies that there is no accommodation other than that listed. Include can be used in this way too, but it is also used in a non-restrictive way, implying that there may be other things not specifically mentioned that are part of the same category, as in the price includes a special welcome pack.

Definition of include in:

Share this entry

Share this page


What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?