Definition of include in English:

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Pronunciation: /ɪnˈkluːd/


[with object]
1Comprise or contain as part of a whole: the price includes dinner, bed, and breakfast other changes included the abolition of the death penalty
More example sentences
  • The few articles of furniture included a narrow bed, a chair, and a desk in one corner.
  • The fries were quite good, and they are included in the price of the dinner.
  • On our honeymoon Shara was only allowed breakfast and dinner because lunch was not included in the price.
incorporate, comprise, encompass, cover, embrace, involve, take in, number, contain;
consist of, be made up of, be composed of
formal comprehend
2Make part of a whole or set: we have included some hints for beginners in this section
More example sentences
  • The FBI's documents included no hint as to how someone mistakenly put on can get himself removed.
  • The Prime Minister hinted yesterday that legislation on airguns may be included in the Queen's Speech.
  • The Supreme Court filings included only a hint of the nastiness and sleaze from the family fight.
add, insert, put in, append, enter, build in
2.1Allow (someone) to share in an activity or privilege: there were doubts as to whether she was included in the invitation
More example sentences
  • There might be a cousin visiting and you have to decide whether you include him in the sample.
  • I also seem to recall that Clarke said this encounter included him and other unnamed persons.
  • He is included by name regardless of whether or not he has children.
allow for, count, take into account, take into consideration
2.2 (include someone out) informal Specifically exclude someone from a group or activity.
Example sentences
  • Nor are you, and this is important for anybody who adheres to the EE Cummings adage ‘include me out’, constantly being pestered to join in with everything.
  • If so, in the immortal words of Sam Goldwyn, ‘include me out!’
  • If that's supposed to be Utopia, include me out.


Include has a broader meaning than comprise. In the sentence the accommodation comprises 2 bedrooms, bathroom, kitchen, and living room, the word comprise implies that there is no accommodation other than that listed. Include can be used in this way too, but it is also used in a non-restrictive way, implying that there may be other things not specifically mentioned that are part of the same category, as in the price includes a special welcome pack.


Late Middle English (also in the sense 'shut in'): from Latin includere, from in- 'into' + claudere 'to shut'.

Words that rhyme with include

allude, brood, collude, conclude, crude, delude, dude, elude, étude, exclude, extrude, exude, feud, food, illude, intrude, Jude, lewd, mood, nude, obtrude, occlude, Oudh, preclude, protrude, prude, pseud, pultrude, rood, rude, seclude, shrewd, snood, transude, unglued, unsubdued, who'd, you'd

For editors and proofreaders

Line breaks: in|clude

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